Department of Horticulture and Landscape Engineering

Horticulture is a complex of technique and art in the fields of Botany, Plant Physiology, Soil Science, Plant Nutrition, Genetics Plant Breeding, Pest, Diseases, Fruit Production (Pomology), Vegetable Production (Olericulture), Floriculture, Medicinal Plants and Landscape Design. Undergraduate branches are divided into 2 branches namely, Horticulture Engineering and Landscape Engineering. The aim of this stage is to provide knowledgeable experts in production, local planning and research. It is expected that the graduates be able to work as academic staff in agricultural organizations, as directors for governmental organizations and as experts able to conduct personal and organizational research in this field.

Based on their own interests, Horticulture and Landscape Management Department aims to train and educate students who are able to enhance the quality and quantity of horticultural products. It is expected that the graduates become able to solve existing problems in this field. On the other hand, academic and experienced experts in the Department of Horticulture and Landscape Engineering are prepared to answer the educational requirements of Horticulture and other related topics at undergraduate and postgraduate levels in the School of Agriculture.

The aim of the undergraduate program in Horticulture and Landscape Engineering at the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, which was established in 1995, is to train individuals who can serve the society as specialists in different programs of study such as regional planning, and academic fields, or as Lecturers at agricultural education and research institutes, or as administrators and directors at governmental and private manufacturing companies.

The Department of Horticulture and Landscape Engineering first began to admit students into the MSc program in 2003 with the aim of training specialists who could effectively exploit the potentials and improve the quality and quantity of gardening products. Graduates would also be able to teach Horticulture and related courses to undergraduate students in various schools of Agriculture across the country.

Educational areas of specializations in the M.S. program are:

  • Amely Ornamental Plants
  • Fruit Gardening
  • Vegetable Gardening
  • Medicinal plants

The aim of our doctoral program which was started in 2010 is to train graduates who can manage educational, planning and research affairs in the different branches of this major or teach at universities and research institutes or perform planning tasks at executive organizations.

Educational areas of specializations in the Ph.D. program are:

  • Fruit Tree Physiology and Breeding
  • Vegetable Physiology and Breeding
  • Ornamental Plant Physiology and Breeding. More

Head of the Department of Horticulture and Landscape Engineering
Mahmoud Shoor
Associate Professor
Department of Horticulture and Landscape Engineering

Concentration areas offered by the Department of Horticulture and Landscape Engineering
Areas Bachelor's Master's Ph.D
Landscape Engineering correct_mark -
Amely Ornamental Plants -
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Fruit Gardening
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Vegetable Gardening
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Medicinal plant
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Fruit Tree Physiology and Breeding
Vegetable Physiology and Breeding
Ornamental Plant Physiology and Breeding -

Academic staff

Bhram Abedi
Assistant Professor
Hossein Arouiee
Associate Professor
Majid Azizi
Fatemeh Kazemi
Associate Professor
Mohammad Moghaddam
Associate Professor
Seyyed Hossein Nemati
Assistant Professor
Yahya Selahvarzi
Assistant Professor
Mahmoud Shoor
Associate Professor
Ali Tehranifar


Recent books

Moghaddam, M., & Mehdizadeh, L. (2018). Essential oils - biological activity and therapeutic potential.

Recent journal articles

Sadeghi Namaghi, H., Amirijami, A., & Shoor, M. (2018). Aphid suitability for the predatory hoverfly Episyrphus balteatus altered with elevating atmospheric CO2 and sinigrin. Entomological Science, 21 (2018), 12-21.
Taghizadeh, S., Davarynejad, G., J. Asili, Nemati, S., & Gh. Karimi (2018). Assessment of phenolic profile and antioxidant power of five pistachio cultivars collected from four geographical regions of Iran. Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine, 8 (1), 33-42.
Ameri, A., Davarynejad, G., Moshtaghi, N., & Tehranifar, A. (2018). Polyethylene glycol and chilling overcome Somatic embryogenesis obstacle in Pyrus communis. Scientia Horticulturae, 227 (3), 57-64.
Kazemi, F., Abolhassani, L., Azam Rahmati, E., & Sayyadamin, P. (2018). Strategic planning for cultivation of fruit trees and shrubs in urban landscapes using the SWOT method: A case study for the city of Mashhad, Iran. Land Use Policy, 70 (1), 1-9.
Hoshyar, Z., Abedi, B., E.ganji Moghadam, & Davarynejad, G. (2018). Effect of Arbuscular Mycorrhiza on Growth and Physiological Behavior of PHL-C Rootstock. Journal of Plant Physiology and Breeding, 7 (1), 53-60.
M. Rahmati, P. Valsesia, Davarynejad, G., Bannayan Aval, M., Azizi, M., & G. Vercambre (2018). Disentangling the Effects of Water Stress on Carbon Acquisition, Vegetative Growth and Fruit Quality of Peach Trees by Means of the QualiTree Model. Frontiers in Plant Science, 10 (4), 1-17.
M. R. Amiryousefi, Mohebbi, M., & Tehranifar, A. (2018). Pomegranate seed clustering by machine vision. Food Science and Nutrition, 0 (0), 0-0.
Kazemi, F., Golzarian, M., & B. Myers (2018). Potential of combined Water Sensitive Urban Design systems for salinity treatment in urban environments. Journal of Environmental Management, 209 (1), 169-175.
Azizi, M. (2018). Effective Induction of Hairy Roots in Persian Poppy (Papaver bracteatum Lindl.) Using Sonication Method. Journal of Medicinal Plants, 17 (65), 73-82.
Talebi, M., Moghaddam, M., & Abdollah Ghasemi Pirbalouti (2018). Methyl jasmonate effects on volatile oil compounds and antioxidant activity of leaf extract of two basil cultivars under salinity stress. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 40 (34), 1-11.
Shayganfar, A., Azizi, M. (2018). Various strategies elicited and modulated by elevated UV-B radiation and protectant compounds in Thymus species: Differences in response over treatments, acclimation and interaction. Industrial Crops and Products, 113 (10), 296-307.
Moghaddam, M., A. Ghasemi Pirbalouti, & N. Farhadi (2018). Seasonal variation in Juniperus polycarpos var. turcomanica essential oil from northeast of Iran. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 30 (3), 1-7.
Hojjati, Y., Shoor, M., Tehranifar, A., & Abedi, B. (2018). Enhancing the Flower Colour Composition Pigments and Physiological Changes of Tulipa gesneriana ‘Daydream’ with Three Phytohormones and Sucrose. Journal of experimental Biology and Agricultural Sciences, 25 (3), 133-139.
Hojjati, Y., Shoor, M., Tehranifar, A., & Abedi, B. (2018). Modification of Flower Color Pigments and Color Composition with Hormonal Treatments and Sucrose in Tulipa gesneriana ‘Kingsblood’. Journal of Ornamental plants, 25 (3), 133-139.
Abdulsdad, A., Tehranifar, A., Shoor, M., & Nemati, S. (2018). Effect of Putrescine and Different Media on Vegetative Growth, Floret and some Biochemical Parameters of Gladiolus under Soilless Conditions. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science, 0 (7), 71-80.
Abdulsdad, A., Tehranifar, A., Shoor, M., & Nemati, S. (2018). Effect of Different Media on some Growth, Flowering and Biochemical Parameters of Two Cultivars of Gladiolus (Gladiolus grandiflorus L.) under Soilless Conditions. Journal of Ornamental plants, 8 (3), 205-215.
Talebi, M., Moghaddam, M., & (2018). Variability in essential oil content and composition of Bunium persicum Boiss. populations growing wild in northeast of Iran. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 30 (4), 258-264.
Oraei, A., Tehranifar, A., Nezami, A., & Shoor, M. (2018). Effects of drought stress on cold hardiness of non-acclimated viola (Viola × wittrockiana ‘ Iona Gold with Blotch ’ ) in controlled conditions. Scientia Horticulturae, 238 (1), 98-106.
Abdulsdad, A., Tehranifar, A., Shoor, M., & Nemati, S. (2018). Influence of Different Treatments of Putrescine, Nutrition and Media on some Flowering Parameters and Macronutrients Uptake of Two Cultivars of Gladiolus under Soilless Condition. Journal of Applied Horticulture, 0 (12), 675-682.
Moghaddam, M., Mehdizadeh, L., H. Mirzaei Najafgholi, & A. Ghasemi Pirbalouti (2018). Chemical composition, antibacterial and antifungal activities of seed essential oil of Ferulago angulata. International Journal of Food Properties, 21 (1), 173-185.
Taghizadeh, S., R. Rezaee, Davarynejad, G., J. Asili, Nemati, S., M. Goumenoud, I. Tsakiris, A. M. Tsatsakis, K. Shirani, & Gh.r. Karimi (2018). Risk assessment of exposure to aflatoxin B1 and ochratoxin A through consumption of different Pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) cultivars collected from four geographical regions of Iran. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, 61 (7), 61-66.
Taghizadeh, S., R. Rezaee, Davarynejad, G., Gh.r. Karimi, Nemati, S., & J. Asili (2018). Phenolic profle and antioxidant activity of Pistacia vera var. Sarakhs hull and kernel extracts: the influence of different solvents. Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization, 0 (0), 0-0.
Nurzadeh Namaghi, M., Davarynejad, G., Ansari, H., Nemati, S., & A. Zarea Feyzabady (2018). Effects of mulching on soil temperature and moisture variations, leaf nutrient status, growth and yield of pistachio trees (Pistacia vera.L). Scientia Horticulturae, 241 (0), 115-123.
Kaboli Farshchi, H., Azizi, M., Nemati, S., & Fotovat, A. (2018). Green synthesis of iron nanoparticles by Rosemary extract and cytotoxicity effect evaluation on cancer cell lines. Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology, 16 (1), 54-62.
Sayyadamin, P., Davarynejad, G., & Abedi, B. (2018). The application of polyamines and self-incompatibility control substance on yield indices and qualitative traits of apple cv ‘Red Delicious’. Acta Scientiarum-Biological Sciences, 40 (1), 1-8.
Sayyadamin, P., Davarynejad, G., & Abedi, B. (2018). The effect of polyamines and SICS on the compatibility, fertility and yield indices of apple cv. Golden Delicious. Advances in Horticultural Science, 32 (2), 1-8.
Kazemi, F., & Safari, N. (2018). Effect of mulches on some characteristics of a drought tolerant flowering plant for urban landscaping. Desert, 23 (1), 75-84.
Moghaddam, M., S. N. Khaleghi Miran, & Mehdizadeh, L. (2018). Total Phenolic Content and Antioxidant Activity of Fumaria vaillantii Extract at Three Phenological Stages Assayed by Various Methods. International Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology, 5 (1), 105-114.
Moshrefi Araghi, A., Nemati, S., Shoor, M., Azizi, M., & Moshtaghi, N. (2018). Influence of Water Stress on Agro-Morphological Traits and Essential Oil Content Among Iranian Genotypes of Mentha longifolia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences, 0 (0), 1-12.
Mehdizadeh, L., Hossein Mirzaei Najafgholi, Rostam Y Azdani Biouki, & Moghaddam, M. (2018). Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Origanum vulgare subsp. viride essential oils cultivated in two different regions of Iran. Journal of Essential Oils Bearing Plants, 21 (4), 1062-1075.
Nazdar, T., Tehranifar, A., Nezami, A., Nemati, S., & Samiei, L. (2018). Physiological and anatomical responses of calendula (Calendula officinalis L.) cultivars to heat-stress duration. Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 0 (0), 1-13.
Shoor, M., Zekavati, H., Rouhani, H. (2018). The effect of Trichoderma isolates on morpho-physiological changes of Polianthes tuberose under drought stress conditions. Journal of Ornamental plants, 8 (4), 285-299.
J. Soufi Abadi, Afsharzadeh, N., & Azizi, M. (2018). An efficient method to induce regeneration and callogenesis in Crataegus microphylla L.. Research Journal of Pharmacognosy, 48 (48), 1-5.
Sakineh Pourranjbari Saghaiesh, Mohammad Kazem Souri, & Moghaddam, M. (2018). Effects of different magnesium levels on some morphophysiological characteristics and nutrient elements uptake in Khatouni melons (cucumis melo var. inodorus). Journal of Plant Nutrition, 0 (0), 1-13.
Ramazani, A., Arouiee, H., Azizi, M., & Ahmad Ahmadian (2018). Studying the Effects of Irrigation Management, Organic Fertilizer and Nano composite Superabsorbent Polymers on Some Quantitative and Qualitative Characteristics of Daughter Corms of Saffron -Crocus Sativus L.-. Transylvanian Review, 26 (26), 6919-6931.

Recent research projects

Abedi, Bhram,morshedloo, Malihe (2018). estimation of the apparent density during drying of precooked plum ultrasound fructose-sorbitol and silicon

Contact Information

Iran, Mashhad, Azadi Square, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture and Landscape Engineering

Phone: +985138804641- 5754

Fax: +985138807148