Researchers at Ferdowsi University of Mashhad have Discovered a New Species of Oreocodon Plant

Date:
Researchers at Ferdowsi University of Mashhad have Discovered a New Species of Oreocodon Plant

Researchers at Ferdowsi University of Mashhad (FUM) have discovered, collected, and named a new species of Oreocodon plant for the first time during the field research in the Aladagh Mountains in North Khorasan Province and named it Campanula oreodoxa. The Latin scientific name for this species means "mountain glory" and refers to its habitat in the highlands. This plant grows in very limited populations in the rocky heights of 2300 to 2400 meters of Aladagh mountains between Darkesh and Havar in the west of Bojnourd, North Khorasan province.


The form, flower characteristics, and microstructure of the seed surface and pollen grains distinguish this new species from other well-known flowering species in Iran and the world. The results of this research, which was conducted in the Research Institute of Plant Sciences and the form of a part of the dissertation of Ali Asghar Arjmandi, a Ph.D. student in Plant Ecology, under the guidance of Prof. Hamid Ejtehadi and Dr. Farshid Memariani, has been published in a scientific article in no. 3, vol. 521 of Phytotaxa.


The authors of this article classify this species as a critically endangered plant according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) criteria due to its habitat characteristics, small populations, and very limited geographical distribution. In this article, the need to protect endemic or exclusive plants in the highlands of Aladagh, as one of the hotspots of plant biodiversity in northern Khorasan, has been emphasized.


The paper is accessible by this link.