The first step in establishing the third university of Iran was taken place through upgrading the college of Health to the Faculty of Medicine in the year 1328 (1949).
Ferdowsi University of Mashhad has had continuous development during the last sixty years. The Faculty of Literature with 5 different fields was established in 1334 (1954). With the expansion of higher education the following faculties also were established one after another: Faculty of Theology, Faculty of Science, Faculty of Dentistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Nutrition, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Faculty of Agriculture, Faculty of Engineering, the Institute of Optometry, the university’s high school, the Teaching Center. Mashhad University of that time was renamed Ferdowsi University in 1353 (1974).