Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture

Horticulture is a complex of technique and art in the fields of Botany, Plant Physiology, Soil Science, Plant Nutrition, Genetics Plant Breeding, Pest, Diseases, Fruit Production (Pomology), Vegetable Production (Olericulture), Floriculture, Medicinal Plants and Landscape Design. Undergraduate branches are divided into 2 branches namely, Horticulture Architecture and Landscape Architecture. The aim of this stage is to provide knowledgeable experts in production, local planning and research. It is expected that the graduates be able to work as academic staff in agricultural organizations, as directors for governmental organizations and as experts able to conduct personal and organizational research in this field.

Based on their own interests, Horticulture and Landscape Management Department aims to train and educate students who are able to enhance the quality and quantity of horticultural products. It is expected that the graduates become able to solve existing problems in this field. On the other hand, academic and experienced experts in the Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture are prepared to answer the educational requirements of Horticulture and other related topics at undergraduate and postgraduate levels in the School of Agriculture.

The aim of the undergraduate program in Horticulture and Landscape Architecture at the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, which was established in 1995, is to train individuals who can serve the society as specialists in different programs of study such as regional planning, and academic fields, or as Lecturers at agricultural education and research institutes, or as administrators and directors at governmental and private manufacturing companies.

The Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture first began to admit students into the MSc program in 2003 with the aim of training specialists who could effectively exploit the potentials and improve the quality and quantity of gardening products. Graduates would also be able to teach Horticulture and related courses to undergraduate students in various schools of Agriculture across the country.

Educational areas of specializations in the M.S. program are:

  • Amely Ornamental Plants
  • Fruit Gardening
  • Vegetable Gardening
  • Medicinal plants

The aim of our doctoral program which was started in 2010 is to train graduates who can manage educational, planning and research affairs in the different branches of this major or teach at universities and research institutes or perform planning tasks at executive organizations.

Educational areas of specializations in the Ph.D. program are:

  • Fruit Tree Physiology and Breeding
  • Vegetable Physiology and Breeding
  • Ornamental Plant Physiology and Breeding. More

Head of the Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture 
Mahmoud Shoor
Associate Professor
Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture

Concentration areas offered by the Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture
Areas Bachelor's Master's Ph.D
Landscape Architecture correct_mark -
Amely Ornamental Plants -
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Fruit Gardening
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Vegetable Gardening
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Medicinal plant
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Fruit Tree Physiology and Breeding
Vegetable Physiology and Breeding
Ornamental Plant Physiology and Breeding -

Academic staff

Bhram Abedi
Assistant Professor
Hossein Arouiee
Associate Professor
Majid Azizi
Fatemeh Kazemi
Associate Professor
Mohammad Moghaddam
Associate Professor
Seyyed Hossein Nemati
Assistant Professor
Yahya Selahvarzi
Assistant Professor
Mahmoud Shoor
Associate Professor
Ali Tehranifar


Recent books

Arouiee, H., Ajdanian, L., Babaei, M., Nemati, S., تس آستاتکی, & بهنام اصغری لجایر (2023). The Role of Growth Regulators and Phytohormones in Overcoming Environmental Stress.

Recent journal articles

Oraei, A., & Tehranifar, A. (2023). Relationship between Silicon through Potassium Silicate and Salinity Tolerance in Bellis perennis L. Silicon, 15 (1), 93-107.
Oraei, A., Tehranifar, A., & Sajedeh Karimpour (2023). Possibility of Producing Tulip Bulblet Under Drought Stress Using Potassium and Phosphorus Solubilizing Bacteria. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 54 (6), 819-835.
Taghizadeh, S., Ramin Rezaee, Azizi, M., A. Wallace Hayes, & Gholamreza Karimi (2023). Occurrence of 3-monochloropropane-1,2-Diol (3-MCPD) in canned vegetables: A probabilistic assessment of health risk for Iranian consumers. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 115 (), 104993-105005.
Azizi, M. (2023). Improving the anticancer efficiency of doxorubicin by luteolin nanoemulsion: In vitro study. Nanomedicine Journal, 10 (1), 58-47.
Karimian, Z., & Samiei, L. (2023). ZnO nanoparticles efficiently enhance drought tolerance in Dracocephalum kotschyi through altering physiological, biochemical and elemental contents. Frontiers in Plant Science, 14 (), -.
Khosrojerdi, M., Moghaddam, M. (2023). Magnetic water irrigation changes physiological traits and stress tolerance of Salvia virgata under saline conditions. Scientia Horticulturae, 314 (2023), 111935-111944.
Selahvarzi, Y., Badiee Golmakani, F., Abedi, B., & Sayyadamin, P. (2023). Effect of Deficit Irrigation and Hand Thinning on Post-harvest Quality of Apple Cv. ‘Golab’. Erwerbs-Obstbau, 65 (3), 435-442.
Rashidi, A., Tehranifar, A., & Samiei, L. (2023). Modifying spectral distributions during the seedling stage influences the flowering and branching of Petunia × hybrida. Scientia Horticulturae, 309 (), 111664-111676.
Soltani, S., Arouiee, H., Reza Salehi, Nemati, S., Moein Moosavi-nezhad, Nazim S. Gruda, & Sasan Aliniaeifard (2023). Morphological, Phytochemical, and Photosynthetic Performance of Grafted Tomato Seedlings in Response to Different LED Light Qualities under Protected Cultivation. horticulturae, 9 (471), 1-18.
Saba Samadi, Mohammad Jamal Saharkhiz, Azizi, M., Samiei, L., & Mansour Ghorbanpour (2023). Exploring potential of multi-walled carbon nanotubes to establish efficient callogenesis, elicitation of phenolic compounds and antioxidative activities in thyme plants (Thymus daenensis): An in vitro assay. South African Jouranl of Botany, 157 (), 602-613.
Khodabandeh, M., Azizi, M., Babak Shokri, Bahreini, M., Hasan Rezadoost, & Mohammad Salehi (2023). Optimization of the Radiofrequency Low-Pressure Cold Plasma Conditions for Decontamination of Saffrons. Food and Bioprocess Technology, 16 (8), 23-31.
Seyedeh Faezeh Taghizadeh, Mahsa Naseri, Ahmadpourmir, H., Azizi, M., Ramin Rezaee, & Gholamreza Karimi (2023). Determination of 3 monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) and 1,3-Dichloropropan-2-ol (1,3-DCP) levels in edible vegetable oils: A health risk assessment for Iranian consumers. Microchemical Journal, 192 (), 108946-.
Karimian, Z., Sadat, M., & Heiari, A. (2023). Evaluating the ability of green roof plants in capturing air pollutants using biogas-digestate: Exploring physiological, biochemical, and anatomical characteristics. Environmental Pollution, 333 (), 122071-.
Vessal, S., Samiei, L., Porsa, H., & Fazeli Nasab, B. (2023). Evaluation of Genetic Distance and Similarity among Native Genotypes of Seeded Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus var. citroides) in the Khorasan Region Using Microsatellite Markers. Agrotechniques in Industrial Crops, 3 (2), 74-87.
Mousavi Bazaz, A., Tehranifar, A., Kafi, M., Ali Gazanchian, & Shoor, M. (2023). Biochemical Responses of Salt-Sensitive and Salt-Tolerant Tall Fescue. Desert, 28 (1), 15-25.
Kamali, M., Selahvarzi, Y., & Goldani, M. (2023). Advances in the performance of stevia Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni): Photoperiod interaction with potassium humate. Iranian Journal of Plant Physiology, 13 (2), 4495-4513.
Moshrefi Araghi, A., Nemati, S., Azizi, M., Moshtaghi, N., & Shoor, M. (2023). Screening of distributed horsemint (Mentha longifolia L.) accessions for agricultural drought tolerance based on biological responses. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 45 (11), -.
Selahvarzi, Y., Kamali, M., & Karimi, M. (2023). Pinched sunflowers (Helianthus annuus ‘Teddy Bear’) produce high-quality flowers under high nitrogen fertilizer. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, 119 (3), -.
Selahvarzi, Y., & Ansari, S. (2023). Deficit irrigation strategies (PRD, SDI) and titanium nanoparticles improve water use efficiency and flower quality in greenhouse-grown cut roses. Scientific Reports, 13 (1), -.
Azizi, M. (2023). Exposure to single-walled carbon nanotubes differentially affect in vitro germination, biochemical and antioxidant properties of Thymus daenensis celak. seedlings. BMC Plant Biology, 23 (1), -.
Aalami Farimani, O., Hadizadeh, H., Karimian, Z., Nemati, S., & Samiei, L. (2023). Melatonin strongly enhances the Agrobacterium- mediated transformation of carnation in nitrogen-depleted media. BMC Plant Biology, 23 (1), -.
Moradian, M., Selahvarzi, Y., Tehranifar, A., & Salavati Nik, A. (2023). Induction of nickel resistance by sodium nitroprusside in tomato plant. , 12 (57), 109-125.
Azizi, M. (2023). بررسی تاثیر خشکی بر رشد، خواص کیفی و عناصر در گیاه ریحان آفریقایی. , (), -.

Recent research projects

Azizi, Majid,salavati Nik, Amirali (2023). Investigating the effect of hormonal treatments, chilling and nutrition on seedling production in Ferula assa-foetida L.

Contact Information

Iran, Mashhad, Azadi Square, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture

Phone: +985138804641- 5754

Fax: +985138807148