Department of Soil Science

The Department of Soil Science, established in 1994 at the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, offers Bachelor’s, Master’s and Ph.D. programs. The areas of study in this department are:

  • Identification of soil formation, classification and survey of agricultural soils
  • Identification of physical, chemical, and biological factors influencing plant growth
  • Management of soil fertility and plant nutrition
  • Identification of factors involved in soil erosion and soil conservation and management

The Department of Soil Science started its Masters’ program in 2000. The aim of this program is to train students to conduct research in the fields of soil system and the environment concerning the physical, chemical, and biological aspects of the soil system and identification and management of environmental pollutants in soil and water resources. Students admitted to this program can choose to complete their studies in one of the following majors (i.e., areas of specializations):

  • Soil Chemistry and Fertility and Plant Nutrition
  • Soil Biology and Biotechnology
  • Soil Physics and Conservation
  • Soil Resources and Land Evaluation

The aim of the Ph.D. program in the Department of Soil Science which was started in 2009 is to handle and conduct scientific research programs that fall within the study of soil science. The emphasis of such research is on soil survey, soil physics, soil chemistry, soil biology and biotechnology, soil fertility, soil and water conservation, and soil pollution. Prospective Ph.D. students can choose one of the following areas of specializations:

  • Management Soil Fertility
  • Biotechnology or Management Soil Resources More

Head of the Department of Soil Science
Hojat Emami
Associate Professor
Department of Soil Science

Concentration areas offered by the Department of Soil Science
Areas Bachelor's Master's Ph.D
Soil Science and engineering correct_mark
Soil biology and biotechnology -
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Soil resources and land evaluation -
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Soil chemistry and fertility and plant nutrition -
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Soil physics and conservation -
Management soil fertility and biotechnology -
Management soil resources -

Academic staff

Ali Reza Astaraei
Associate Professor
Hojat Emami
Amir Fotovat
Akram Halajnia
Assistant Professor
Alireza Karimi
Reza Khorassani
Associate Professor
Amir Lakzian


Recent journal articles

Gheshlaghi, Z., Khorassani, R., & Javier Abadia (2023). Two Fe mining sub-products and three thiol compounds alleviate Fe deficiency in soybean (Glycine max L.) grown in a calcareous soil in greenhouse conditions. Plant and Soil, 482 (), 469-490.
Sabeti, N., Sadeghi, J., Abduolrahimi Kodakan, S., & Lakzian, A. (2023). The Effects of Funneliformis mosseae and Serendipita indica on the Accumulation of Tetracycline and Chlortetracycline in Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) and Recovering Soil Microbial Activities. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 234 (1), -.
Maleki Bilandy, S., Karimi, A., Mousavi, A. (2023). Delineation of Soil Management Zone Maps at the Regional Scale Using Machine Learning. Agronomy, 13 (2), 445-445.
Khoshkalam, E., Fotovat, A., Halajnia, A., & Eshghi, H. (2023). Nitrate adsorption using green iron oxide nanoparticles synthesized by Eucalyptus leaf extracts: Kinetics and effects of pH, KCl salt, and anions competition. Journal of Molecular Liquids, 375 (), 121366-121377.
Taheri, M., Astaraei, A., Lakzian, A., & Emami, H. (2023). The role of biochar and sulfur-modified biochar on soil water content, biochemical properties and millet crop under saline-sodic and calcareous soil. Plant and Soil, 499 (), 221-236.
Shohreh Moradpour, Mojgan Entezari, Shamsollah Ayoubi, Karimi, A., & Salman Naimi (2023). Digital exploration of selected heavy metals using Random Forest and a set of environmental covariates at the watershed scale. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 455 (), 131609-131609.
Omid Bayat, Karimi, A., Jan-hendrik May, Morteza Fattahi, Guido L. B. Wiesenberg, & Markus Egli (2023). High-resolution record of stable isotopes in soil carbonates reveals environmental dynamics in an arid region (central Iran) during the last 32 ka. Frontiers in Earth Science, 11 (), -.
Mousavi, A., Karimi, A., Maleki Bilandy, S., Tayebeh Safari, & Ruhollah Taghizadeh Mehrjardi (2023). Digital mapping of selected soil properties using machine learning and geostatistical techniques in Mashhad plain, northeastern Iran. Environmental Earth Sciences, 82 (9), -.
Atena Mirblok, Mina Alikhani, Sadeghi, J., & Lakzian, A. (2023). Synthesis and characterization of the Schiff base Fe(II) complex as a new iron source in nutrient solution. Rhizosphere, 25 (), 100664-100674.
Sadeghi, J., & Lakzian, A. (2023). Effect of a new slow-release zinc fertilizer based on carbon dots on the zinc concentration, growth indices, and yield in wheat (Triticum aestivum). Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 200 (), 107783-107802.
Emami, H., & Memarzadeh, M. (2023). پایش زمانی رسوبات بادی و بعضی از عناصر سنگین در رسوبات معلق شهرستان طبس. , 37 (2), -.
Azar Khosravichenar, Mehdi Aalijahan, Saeid Moaazeni, Anthony R. Lupo, Karimi, A., Mathias Ulrich, Naser Parvian, Aboozar Sadeghi, & Hans Von Suchodoletz (2023). Assessing a multi-method approach for dryland soil salinization with respect to climate change and global warming – The example of the Bajestan region (NE Iran). Ecological Indicators, 154 (10), 110639-110639.
Omidi, A., Astaraei, A., & Emami, H. (2023). Application of nanozero-valent iron to reduce toxicity and accumulation of chromium in lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.). Rhizosphere, 27 (), 100725-100733.
Amir Mohseni, Mohseni, N., Karimi, A., & Markus Egli (2023). Interactions of soil quality, ages of alluvial fans, and mechanisms controlling total soil organic carbon dynamics. Catena, 232 (107413), 107413-107428.
Shahinfar, M., Hafezi Moghaddas, N., Lashkaripour, G., & Fotovat, A. (2023). Simultaneous removal of four aflatoxins using magnetic nanobentonite as a green and fast sorbent: kinetic, thermodynamic, and isotherm investigation. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 30 (51), 110515-110527.
Abedinzadeh, N., Fotovat, A. (2023). بررسی فاکتور انتقال و تمع زیستی کادمیم در ارقام مختلف گندم نان و دوروم دریک خاک آهکی آلوده. , 13 (2), 1-26.
Sadeghi, J., & Lakzian, A. (2023). Improving Wheat Growth and Nutrient Uptake in Calcareous Soil: a Novel Approach with Carbon Dots as a Slow‑Release Zinc Fertilizer. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 23 (3), 1-14.
Nabizadeh, M., Astaraei, A., Lakzian, A., & Taheri, M. (2023). Pseudomonas putida and salicylic acid key players: Impact on arsenic phytotoxicity of quinoa under soil salinity stress. Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology, 53 (), 102898-102913.
Sadeghi, J., Lakzian, A., Halajnia, A. (2023). Effects of fungal carbon dots application on growth characteristics and cadmium uptake in maize. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 204 (), 108102-108126.
Samaei, F., Emami, H., & Lakzian, A. (2023). Assessment of the soil structure stability focusing on the high-energy moisture characteristic curve in pasture and arable land uses in semi-arid areas, northeastern Iran. International Agrophysics, 38 (1), 1-12.
Momen, M., Karimi, A., Halajnia, A., & Mirhosseini Moosavi, P. (2023). Purification of sepiolite and its dissolution in hydrochloric acid and sodium Acetate-Acetic acid buffer. Desert, 28 (2), 353-363.
Ashrafi, F., Heiari, A., Karimi, A. (2023). Effect of manure and biochar on the aluminum, copper, and iron bioaccumulation by Salicornia species in soil. Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences, 16 (1), 37-47.
Mirbolook, A. (2023). New Slow-Release Urea Fertilizer Fortified with Zinc for Improving Zinc Availability and Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Maize. ACS Omega, 8 (48), 45715-45728.

Contact Information

Iran, Mashhad, Azadi Square, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science

Phone: +985138804693-5846

Fax: +985138807147