Department of Soil Science

The Department of Soil Science, established in 1994 at the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, offers Bachelor’s, Master’s and Ph.D. programs. The areas of study in this department are:

  • Identification of soil formation, classification and survey of agricultural soils
  • Identification of physical, chemical, and biological factors influencing plant growth
  • Management of soil fertility and plant nutrition
  • Identification of factors involved in soil erosion and soil conservation and management

The Department of Soil Science started its Masters’ program in 2000. The aim of this program is to train students to conduct research in the fields of soil system and the environment concerning the physical, chemical, and biological aspects of the soil system and identification and management of environmental pollutants in soil and water resources. Students admitted to this program can choose to complete their studies in one of the following majors (i.e., areas of specializations):

  • Soil Chemistry and Fertility and Plant Nutrition
  • Soil Biology and Biotechnology
  • Soil Physics and Conservation
  • Soil Resources and Land Evaluation

The aim of the Ph.D. program in the Department of Soil Science which was started in 2009 is to handle and conduct scientific research programs that fall within the study of soil science. The emphasis of such research is on soil survey, soil physics, soil chemistry, soil biology and biotechnology, soil fertility, soil and water conservation, and soil pollution. Prospective Ph.D. students can choose one of the following areas of specializations:

  • Management Soil Fertility
  • Biotechnology or Management Soil Resources More

Head of the Department of Soil Science
Hojat Emami
Associate Professor
Department of Soil Science

Concentration areas offered by the Department of Soil Science
Areas Bachelor's Master's Ph.D
Soil Science and engineering correct_mark
Soil biology and biotechnology -
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Soil resources and land evaluation -
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Soil chemistry and fertility and plant nutrition -
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Soil physics and conservation -
Management soil fertility and biotechnology -
Management soil resources -

Academic staff

Ali Reza Astaraei
Associate Professor
Hojat Emami
Amir Fotovat
Akram Halajnia
Assistant Professor
Alireza Karimi
Reza Khorassani
Associate Professor
Amir Lakzian


Recent journal articles

Farahani, E., Emami, H., Fotovat, A., & Khorassani, R. (2019). Effect of different K:Na ratios in soil on dispersive charge, cation exchange and zeta potential. European Journal of Soil Science, 70 (2), 311-320.
Rashidi, Z., R. Sohbati, Karimi, A., M. H. Farpoor, F. Khormali, W. Thompson, & A. Murray (2019). Constraining the timing of palaeosol development in Iranian arid environments using OSL dating. Quaternary Geochronology, 49 (1), 92-100.
Mehdizadeh, L., Moghaddam, M., & Lakzian, A. (2019). Response of summer savory at two different growth stages to biochar amendment under NaCl stress. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 0 (0), 1-14.
Fazeli, M., Gary Owens, Astaraei, A., Fotovat, A., & Emami, H. (2019). Different modelling approaches for predicting titanium dioxide nanoparticles mobility in intact soil media. Science of The Total Environment, 665 (22), 1168-1181.
Gholoubi, A., Emami, H., Alizadeh, A., & Reza Azadi (2019). Long term effects of deforestation on soil attributes: case study, Northern Iran. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 17 (1), 73-81.
Fateme Naghizade Asl, Hamid Reza Asgari, Emami, H., & Mohammad Jafari (2019). Combined effect of micro silica with clay, and gypsum as mulches on shear strength and wind erosion rate of sands. International Soil and Water Conservation Research, 7 (4), 388-394.
Eslami, M., Khorassani, R., Fotovat, A., & Halajnia, A. (2019). NH4+-K+ co-loaded clinoptilolite as a binary fertilizer. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, (), -.
Gheshlaghi, Z., Khorassani, R., Javier Abadia, Kafi, M., & Fotovat, A. (2019). Glutathione foliar fertilisation prevents lime-induced iron chlorosis in soil grown Medicago scutellata. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 182 (4), 607-624.
Mehdizadeh, L., Moghaddam, M., & Lakzian, A. (2019). Alleviating negative effects of salinity stress in summer savory (Satureja hortensis L.) by biochar application. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 41 (6), -.
Zaker, M., & Emami, H. (2019). Effect of potassium to bivalent cations ratio in irrigation water on some physical and hydraulic properties of sandy loam soil. Soil and Environment, 38 (1), 66-74.
Fotovat, A., Astaraei, A., Lakzian, A. (2019). تعیین محتوی کلروفیل و وضعیت نیتروژن در ژنوتیپ‌های گندم (Triticum aestivum L.) دیم با استفاده از کلروفیل‌متر (SPAD). , 17 (2), 221-240.
Mohseni, N., Karimi, A. (2019). Impact of geomorphic disturbance on spatial variability of soil CO 2 flux within a depositional landform. Land Degradation and Development, 30 (14), 1699-1710.
Najafi, H., Karimi, A., Haghnia, G. (2019). Paleopedology and magnetic properties of Sari loess-paleosol sequence in Caspian lowland, northern Iran. Journal of Mountain Science, 16 (7), 1559-1570.
Amiri Khaboushan, E., Emami, H., & Astaraei, A. (2019). Shear strength of an unsaturated loam soil as affected by vetiver and polyacrylamide. Soil and Tillage Research, 194 (), 104331-104337.
Nikravesh, M., Karimi, A., & Fotovat, A. (2019). Multivariate and geostatistical analyses of selected heavy metals in surface soils of Semnan industrial complex and surrounding areas. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 17 (2), 163-174.
Gholoubi, A., Emami, H., & Todd Caldwell (2019). Deforestation effects on soil aggregate stability quantified by the high energy moisture characteristic method. Geoderma, 355 (), 113919-113926.
Ghazi, A., Karimi, A., Haghnia, G., & S. Hojati (2019). Grain size and mineralogical studies of sandy sediments in southwestern Iran. Desert, 24 (1), 75-85.
Ziyaee, A., Daniel R. Hirmas, Karimi, A., Martin Kehl, G.l. Macpherson, Lakzian, A., & Roshani Zarmehri, M. (2019). Geogenic and anthropogenic sources of potentially toxic elements in airborne dust in northeastern Iran. Aeolian Research, 41 (0), 100540-100551.
Alsaleh, A., Astaraei, A., Emami, H., & Lakzian, A. (2019). Mercury Behavior in Saline Soil Containing Humic Acid and Zeolite. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 28 (9), 340-352.
Alsaleh, A., Astaraei, A., Emami, H., & Lakzian, A. (2019). The effect of mercuric toxicity in saline soil on growth, soluble sugars, photosynthetic pigments and some of enzymes in Turnip. Indian Journal of Environmental Protection, 39 (12), 1125-1135.
Malekian Maleki, B., Parsa, M., Vessal, S., & Khorassani, R. (2019). Split Application of Nitrogen Fertilizer and Inoculation with Arbuscular Mycorrhiza and Rhizobium ciceri Improve Grain Quality of Chickpea. Crop, Forage and Turfgrass Management, 5 (1), 190048-190056.
Javaheri, S., Astaraei, A., Khorassani, R., & Emami, H. (2019). A study of the Effects of organic compounds and Fe and Zn nano-fertilizers on the yield and absorption of macronutrients in Tomatoes. Indian Journal of Environmental Protection, 39 (3), 211-218.
Lakzian, A., Maryam Bayat, Anvar Gadzhikurbanov, & Meisam Zargar (2019). The role of nanotechnology for improving crop production. RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries, 14 (4), 297-305.
Mazloom, N., Khorassani, R., Zohuri, G., Emami, H. (2019). Development and Characterization of Lignin‐Based Hydrogel for Use in Agricultural Soils: Preliminary Evidence. Clean - Soil Air Water, 47 (11), 1900101-1900106.

Contact Information

Iran, Mashhad, Azadi Square, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science

Phone: +985138804693-5846

Fax: +985138807147