Department of Water Science and Engineering

The Department of Water Science and Engineering was established in 1988. Programs of undergraduate studies offer a series of basic and applied courses in the area of Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics, Hydrology, Soil-Water-Plant Relationship, Agricultural Meteorology, Irrigation and Drainage Systems Design, Soil and Water Conservation, Geology, Ground Waters, Hydro-Informatics, Water Supply and Wastewater Systems, and River Hydraulics. In addition, this program also offers a broad general engineering education including elements of Geo-Mechanical, Water Conveyance Structures and Pumping Systems Engineering.

The Water Science and Engineering Master's degree program in which students have been admitted since 1996, provides an in-depth study of the skills and tools demanded by the rigors of the water profession. The two-year program helps students build their technical competencies in different areas such as Irrigation and Drainage, Agricultural Meteorology, Water Resources, and Water Structures Engineering. They will be ready to be employed by consulting engineering companies in government or regulatory agencies looking to augment their skills in the water profession.

Currently Master’s students are accepted in academic areas of specializations such as Irrigation and Drainage, Agricultural Meteorology, Water Resources, and Water Structures Engineering.

Ph.D. candidates started their studies in the Department of Water Science and Engineering at the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad in 2007. They should conduct research at levels that contribute new knowledge to the field of water science and engineering; considering the fact that the purpose of doctoral research is in constant evolution.

The doctoral programs in the Department of Water Science and Engineering aim to prepare researchers for employment in universities as well as scientific private sectors and government institutions. Doctoral candidates are admitted to programs only if they can convincingly demonstrate that their research proposals will significantly contribute to the existing knowledge in the field they have applied for. The doctoral degree qualifies them to apply for a university professorship position or conduct research in an academic setting. At the Ph.D. level, doctoral research gives students the needed skills to excel in academia, develop hypotheses, test those theories by studying, observing or conducting experiments, and modify those assumptions based on the data collected. Upon completion of the research, doctoral candidates present their conclusions to experts in the field and orally defend their findings before a panel of scholars. Currently, Ph.D. candidates are accepted in Irrigation and Drainage, Agricultural Meteorology, and Water Structures engineering branches of the department. More

Head of the Department of Water Science and Engineering
Kazem Esmaili
Associate Professor
Department of Water Science and Engineering

Concentration areas offered by the Department of Water Science and Engineering
Areas Bachelor's Master's Ph.D
Water Science and Engineering correct_mark -
Irrigation And Drainage -
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Water Structures -
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Water Resource Engineering -
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Agricultural Meteorology -
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Academic staff

Hossein Ansari
Hossein Banejad
Associate Professor
Aliasghar Beheshti
Assistant Professor
Kamran Davary
Kazem Esmaili
Associate Professor
Alireza Faridhosseini
Associate Professor
Seyed Majid Hasheminia
Assistant Professor
Saeed Reza Khodashenas
Fereshteh Modaresi
Assistant Professor
Abolfazl Mosaedi
Mohammad Mousavi  Baygi
Seyed Hossein Sanaei Nejad
Hossein Sharifan
Associate Professor
Ali Naghi Ziaei
Associate Professor


Recent journal articles

Ehsan Olyaie, Banejad, H., & M. Heydari (2019). Estimating Discharge Coefficient of PK-Weir Under Subcritical Conditions Based on High-Accuracy Machine Learning Approaches. Iranian Journal of Science and Technology-Transactions of Civil Engineering, 43 (0), 89-101.
Ziaei, A., Neda S.r. Nikou, Ali Beyhaghi, Attarzadeh, F., & Khodashenas, S. (2019). Flow simulation over a triangular labyrinth side weir in a rectangular channel. Progress in Computational Fluid Dynamics, 19 (1), 22-34.
Asadi, S., Bannayan Aval, M., Jahan, M., & Faridhosseini, A. (2019). Using the red-near infrared spectral to estimate ground cover based on vegetative indices. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 40 (18), 7153-7168.
Ashrafi, M., Hoshmand, M., Lotfalipour, M., & Davary, K. (2019). Estimation of water demand function in agricultural, urban and industrial sectors in Mashhad Plain. Modern Applied Science, 13 (4), 1-11.
Pourmohamad, Y., Alizadeh, A., Mousavi Baygi, M., Ziaei, A., & Bannayan Aval, M. (2019). Optimizing cropping area by proposing a combined water-energy productivity function for Neyshabur Basin, Iran. Agricultural Water Management, 217 (1), 131-140.
Salehnia, N., Hosseini, S., Faridhosseini, A., Sohrab Kolsoumi, Zarrin, A., & Hasheminia, S. (2019). Comparing the performance of dynamical and statistical downscaling on historical run precipitation data over a semi-arid region. Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, (), -.
Rajaei, S., Khodashenas, S., & Esmaili, K. (2019). Comparative evaluation of energy dissipation over short stepped gabion and rigid spillways. Journal of Hydraulic Research, (0), 0-0.
Salehi, S., Esmaili, K., & Amir Azimi (2019). Mean velocity and turbulent characteristics of flow over half-cycle cosine sharp-crested weirs. Flow Measurement and Instrumentation, 66 (6), 99-110.
Gholoubi, A., Emami, H., Alizadeh, A., & Reza Azadi (2019). Long term effects of deforestation on soil attributes: case study, Northern Iran. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 17 (1), 73-81.
Alipour, A., Derakhshan, H., & Davary, K. (2019). راهبردهای دستیابی مدیریت پایدار آب زیرزمینی. , 8 (29), 261-275.
Mohammad Mahdi Chari, Davary, K., Ghahraman, B., & Ziaei, A. (2019). General Equation for Advance and Recession of Water in Border Irrigation. Irrigation and Drainage, (), -.
Araghi, S., Mousavi Baygi, M., Jan Adamowski, & Christopher J. Martinez (2019). Analyzing trends of days with low atmospheric visibility in Iran during 1968–2013. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 191 (4), -.
Amir Aghakouchak, Ali Nazemi, Ali Mirchi, Mojtaba Sadegh, Hamed R. Moftakhari, Elmira Hassanzadeh, -chi-yuan Miao, Kaveh Madani, Mousavi Baygi, M., Hassan Anjileli, Davood Reza Arab, Hamid Norouzi, Omid Mazdiyasni, Marzi Azarderakhsh, Aneseh Alborzi, Mohammad J. Tourian, Ali Mehran, Alireza Farahmand, & Iman Mallakpour (2019). Compounding effects of human activities and climatic changes on surface water availability in Iran. Climatic change, 152 (3), 379-391.
Salehnia, N., Salehnia, N., Ansari, H., & Bannayan Aval, M. (2019). Climate data clustering effects on arid and semi-arid rainfed wheat yield: a comparison of artificial intelligence and K-means approaches. International Journal of Biometeorology, 63 (7), 861-872.
Faridhosseini, A. (2019). Soil Moisture Monitoring in Iran by Implementing Satellite Data into the Root-Zone SMAR Model. Hydrology, 6 (2), 44-57.
Askari, Z., Khodashenas, S., Esmaili, K., Mohsen Golian, Vijay P. Singh, & Nicolas R. Dalezios (2019). Numerical Analysis of Hydraulic Flow Characteristics in Prismatic Compound Channels Using Flow3D Software. American Research Journal of Civil And Structural Engineering, 3 (1), 1-10.
Sargol Memar, Mohammad Zounemat-kermani, Beheshti, A., Giovanni De Cesare, & Anton J. Schleiss (2019). The performance of collars on scour reduction at tandem piers aligned with different skew angles. Marine Georesources and Geotechnology, (), -.
Khatibi, S., Golkarian, A., Mosaedi, A., & Sojasi Qeidari, H. (2019). Assessment of Resilience to Drought of Rural Communities in Iran. Journal of Social Service Research, 45 (2), 151-165.
Ali Reza Khoshkonesh, Blaise Ensom, & Banejad, H. (2019). A comprehensive study on dam-break flow over dry and wet beds. Ocean Engineering, 188 (), 106279-106282.
Banejad, H. (2019). بررسی نوسانات فشار در بستر پرش هیدرولیکی مستغرق. , 30 (4), 51-66.
Afzali, S., & Sanaei Nejad, S. (2019). Energy balance quantification using Landsat 8 images and SAFER algorithm in Mashhad, Razavi Khorasan, Iran. Journal of Applied Remote Sensing, 13 (1), 1-15.
Khordadi Varamini, M., Jqrgen Eivind Olesen, Alizadeh, A., Nassiri Mahallati, M., Ansari, H., & Sanaei Nejad, S. (2019). CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS AND ADAPTATION FOR CROP MANAGEMENT OF WINTER WHEAT AND MAIZE IN THE SEMI‐ARID REGION OF IRAN. Irrigation and Drainage, 68 (5), 841-856.
Jahan Ara, A., & Khodashenas, S. (2019). Prediction of Ground Water Table Using NF-GMDH Based Evolutionary Algorithms. KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, (), -.
Zahedi Khameneh, H., & Khodashenas, S. (2019). Application of Optimized Artificial and Radial Basis Neural Networks by Using Modified Genetic Algorithm on Discharge Coefficient Prediction of Modified Labyrinth Side Weir with two and four cycles. Measurement, (), -.
Seyed Hamed Ashraf Talash, Khodashenas, S. (2019). Analyzing bank profile shape of alluvial stable channels using robust optimization and evolutionary ANFIS methods. Applied Water Science, 9 (40), 3-11.
Khodashenas, S. (2019). Reliability and Sensitivity Analysis of Robust Learning Machine in Prediction of Bank Profile Morphology of Threshold Sand Rivers. Measurement, (), -.
Sargol Memar, Mohammad Zounemat Kermani, Beheshti, A., Giovanni De Cesare, & Anton J. Schleiss (2019). Influence of collars on reduction in scour depth at two piers in a tandem configuration. Acta Geophysica, 68 (1), 229-242.
V.ferro, Ziaei, A., N.s.r.nikou, Nourollahi, M., & Beheshti, A. (2019). New stage-discharge relationship for cylindrical and semi-cylindrical edged sluice gates. Flow Measurement and Instrumentation, 70 (), 101639-101645.
Mianabadi, A., Miriam Coenders-gerrits, Shirazi, P., Ghahraman, B., & Alizadeh, A. (2019). A global Budyko model to partition evaporation into interception and transpiration. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 23 (12), 4983-5000.
Mianabadi, A., Shirazi, P., Ghahraman, B., A. M. J. Coenders-gerrits, Alizadeh, A., & Davary, K. (2019). Assessment of short- and long-term memory in trends of major climatic variables over Iran: 1966–2015. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 135 (), 677-691.
Davary, K., Shiri, M. (2019). ضرورت بازنگری قانون توزیع عادلانه آب در کشور ایران. , 5 (3), 253-269.
Modaresirad, A., Ghahraman, B. (2019). Revising tortuosity and multi-fractal assumptions of unsaturated hydraulic conductivity from critical path analysis of percolation theory. Geoderma, 352 (), 213-227.
Naghedifar, S., Ziaei, A., & Naghedifar, S. (2019). Optimization of Quadrilateral Infiltration Trench Using Numerical Modeling and Taguchi Approach. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering - ASCE, 24 (3), 04018069-04018081.
Majede Bijad, Beheshti, A. (2019). Carbon Paste Modified Electrode as Powerful Sensor Approach Determination of Food Contaminants, Drug Ingredients, and Environmental Pollutants: A Review. Current Analytical Chemistry, 15 (4), 410-422.

Recent research projects

Mousavi Baygi, Mohammad, (2019). Modeling compound effects of climate change and human activities on water availability of Urmia Lake Basin
Mousavi Baygi, Mohammad (2019). Analysis of spatiotemporal variations if extreme indices in west of Iran
Ansari, Hossein,salehnia, Narges,bannayan Aval, Mohammad (2019). Determination of rainfed Wheat Performance Levels Based on Effective Climate Variables Using Artificial Intelligence Algorithms under Changing Conditions, Case Study: Khorasan Razavi

Contact Information

Iran, Mashhad, Azadi Square, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

Faculty of Agriculture, Water Science and Engineering Department

Phone: +985138804611-5813

Fax: +985138807145