Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture

Horticulture is a complex of technique and art in the fields of Botany, Plant Physiology, Soil Science, Plant Nutrition, Genetics Plant Breeding, Pest, Diseases, Fruit Production (Pomology), Vegetable Production (Olericulture), Floriculture, Medicinal Plants and Landscape Design. Undergraduate branches are divided into 2 branches namely, Horticulture Architecture and Landscape Architecture. The aim of this stage is to provide knowledgeable experts in production, local planning and research. It is expected that the graduates be able to work as academic staff in agricultural organizations, as directors for governmental organizations and as experts able to conduct personal and organizational research in this field.

Based on their own interests, Horticulture and Landscape Management Department aims to train and educate students who are able to enhance the quality and quantity of horticultural products. It is expected that the graduates become able to solve existing problems in this field. On the other hand, academic and experienced experts in the Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture are prepared to answer the educational requirements of Horticulture and other related topics at undergraduate and postgraduate levels in the School of Agriculture.

The aim of the undergraduate program in Horticulture and Landscape Architecture at the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, which was established in 1995, is to train individuals who can serve the society as specialists in different programs of study such as regional planning, and academic fields, or as Lecturers at agricultural education and research institutes, or as administrators and directors at governmental and private manufacturing companies.

The Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture first began to admit students into the MSc program in 2003 with the aim of training specialists who could effectively exploit the potentials and improve the quality and quantity of gardening products. Graduates would also be able to teach Horticulture and related courses to undergraduate students in various schools of Agriculture across the country.

Educational areas of specializations in the M.S. program are:

  • Amely Ornamental Plants
  • Fruit Gardening
  • Vegetable Gardening
  • Medicinal plants

The aim of our doctoral program which was started in 2010 is to train graduates who can manage educational, planning and research affairs in the different branches of this major or teach at universities and research institutes or perform planning tasks at executive organizations.

Educational areas of specializations in the Ph.D. program are:

  • Fruit Tree Physiology and Breeding
  • Vegetable Physiology and Breeding
  • Ornamental Plant Physiology and Breeding. More

Head of the Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture 
Mahmoud Shoor
Associate Professor
Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture

Concentration areas offered by the Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture
Areas Bachelor's Master's Ph.D
Landscape Architecture correct_mark -
Amely Ornamental Plants -
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Fruit Gardening
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Vegetable Gardening
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Medicinal plant
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Fruit Tree Physiology and Breeding
Vegetable Physiology and Breeding
Ornamental Plant Physiology and Breeding -

Academic staff

Bhram Abedi
Assistant Professor
Hossein Arouiee
Associate Professor
Majid Azizi
Fatemeh Kazemi
Associate Professor
Mohammad Moghaddam
Associate Professor
Seyyed Hossein Nemati
Assistant Professor
Yahya Selahvarzi
Assistant Professor
Mahmoud Shoor
Associate Professor
Ali Tehranifar


Recent books

Recent journal articles

Samiei, L., & Abolfazl Shakeri (2022). Chrysanthemum, an ornamental genus with considerable medicinal value: A comprehensive review. South African Jouranl of Botany, 144 (), 23-43.
Rabbani Kheir Khah, S., & Kazemi, F. (2022). Water need and water use efficiency of two plant species in soil-containing and soilless substrates under green roof conditions. Journal of Environmental Management, 302 (0), 113950-113967.
Hosseinpour Sharafshadeh, N., Kazemi, F., & Hasan Mahdizadeh (2022). A cost-benefit analysis of applying urban agriculture in sustainable park design. Land Use Policy, 112 (1), 105834-105845.
Vakili Ghartavol, M., Arouiee, H., Shiva Golmohammadzadeh, & Mahboobeh Naseri (2022). Antifungal activity of Mentha × Piperita L. essential oil. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum, Hortorum Cultus, 21 (1), 143-152.
Kheiri, Z., Moghaddam, M. (2022). Inoculation Efficiency of Different Mycorrhizal Species on Growth, Nutrient Uptake, and Antioxidant Capacity of Calendula officinalis L.: a Comparative Study. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 22 (1), 1160-1172.
Moghaddam, M., Reza Shahhoseini (2022). Biological fertilizers and superabsorbent polymer change biomass and volatile oil composition of Ocimum ciliatum Hornem. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 34 (2), 155-162.
Mohammadifard, F., Tarakemeh, A., Moghaddam, M., & Zim, M. (2022). Bentonite Mitigates the Adverse Effects of Drought Stress in Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.). Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 22 (1), 1098-1111.
Taghizadeh, S., Ramin Rezaee, Azizi, M., A. Wallace Hayes, John P. Giesy, & Gholamreza Karimi (2022). Assessment of combined exposures to multiple chemicals: pesticides, metals, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons levels in fig fruits. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, (), -.
Taghizadeh, S., Ramin Rezaee, Azizi, M., John P. Giesy, & Gholamreza Karimi (2022). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, mycotoxins, and pesticides residues in coffee: a probabilistic assessment of risk to health. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, (), -.
Kazemi, F., Hosseinpour Sharafshadeh, N., & Hasan Mahdizadeh (2022). Sustainable low-input urban park design based on some decision-making methods. Land Use Policy, 117 (0), 106092-106104.
Selahvarzi, Y., & Kamali, M. (2022). بررسی مقاومت به خشکی گیاه ترخون .Artemisia dracunculus L) تحت تأثیر نانو ذرات تیتانیوم. , (), -.
Taghizadeh, S., Azizi, M., Hassanpourfard, G., Ramin Rezaee, & Gholamreza Karimi (2022). Assessment of Carcinogenic and Non-carcinogenic Risk of Exposure to Metals via Consumption of Coffee, Tea, and Herbal Tea in Iranians. Biological Trace Element Research, 201 (3), 1520-1537.
Khodabandeh, M., Azizi, M., Ahmad Balandary, & Taghizadeh, S. (2022). Non-metric Multidimensional Scaling of Barberry (Berberis spp.) Genotypes: Insights from Morphological, Nutritional, and Biochemical Data. Erwerbs-Obstbau, (), -.
Ali Panahi, Marziyeh Esmaeilzadeh Kashi, Nadine Kretschmer, Javad Asili, Seyed Ahmad Emami, Azizi, M., & Abolfazl Shakeri (2022). Structural Diversity of Complex Phloroglucinol Derivatives from Eucalyptus Species. Chemistry and Biodiversity, 19 (6), -.
Arouiee, H., Babaei, M., Ajdanian, L., Javdani Asleh, M., Azizi, M., Behnam Asgari Lajayer, & Bernard Dell (2022). Effect of essential oil of seven medicinal plants on longevity, nongermination, qualitative and quantitative traits of Solanum tuberosum cv. Agria. Journal of Food Processing and Preservation, 46 (8), -.
Selahvarzi, Y., Kamali, M., Somayeh Sarfaraz, & Mohsen Zabihi (2022). Comparison between Photosynthesis and Growth Indicators of C4 and C3 Grasses as Influenced by Wastewater. Russian Journal of plant physiology, 69 (4), -.
Anissi, V., Selahvarzi, Y., Kamali, M., & Abedi, B. (2022). اثر عصاره الکلی بره‌موم و هیدروکولینگ بر برخی صفات پس از برداشت خیار گلخانه‌ای Cucumis sativus. , 36 (1), 117-133.
Fatemeh Sadat Madarshahi, Ramin Rezaee, Azizi, M., Javad Asili, & Gholamreza Karimi (2022). Fungicidal and anti-aflatoxin activity of four meroterpenoids isolated from Arnebia euchroma root. Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry, 104 (2), 263-279.
Asadian, A., Azizi, M., & Arouiee, H. (2022). Semi-industrial Production of Lovastatin with a Standard Amount of Mycotoxin Citrinin from Monascus purpureus. Journal of Medicinal Plants and By-products, (), -.
Talebzadeh, S., Fatemi Tajaddin, H., Azizi, M., Mohammad Kaveh, Salavati Nik, A., Mariusz Szymanek, & Ryszard Kulig (2022). Interaction of Different Drying Methods and Storage on Appearance, Surface Structure, Energy, and Quality of Berberis vulgaris var. asperma. Foods, 11 (19), 3003-3019.
Taghizadeh, S., Azizi, M., Ramin Rezaee, Javad Asili, Dr. Gholamreza Karimi, Dr. John P. Giesy, Faegheh Farhadi, Salavati Nik, A., & Hassanpourfard, G. (2022). Evaluation of herbicidal and fungicidal activities of six natural components and their phenoxyacetic acids derivatives and assessment of human health risk posed by oral exposure to them. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, (), -.
Parisa Taheri, Rumi Kaida, Khondoker M. G. Dastogeer, Kwame Sarpong Appiah, Michiko Yasuda, Keisuke Tanaka, Hossein Mardani, Azizi, M., Shin Okazaki, & Yoshiharu Fujii (2022). Isolation and Functional Characterization of Culture-Dependent Endophytes Associated with Vicia villosa Roth. Agronomy, 12 (10), 2417-2434.
Esmaeili, G., Fatemi Tajaddin, H., Azizi, M., Arouiee, H., Vaezi, J., & Yoshiharu Fujii (2022). Diversity of Chemical Composition and Morphological Traits of Eight Iranian Wild Salvia Species during the First Step of Domestication. Agronomy, 12 (10), 2455-2473.
Oraei, A., & Tehranifar, A. (2022). How Do Different Temperature Fluctuations Affect Alcea rosea ‘nigra’ Survival?. Iranian Journal of Science and Technology-Transaction A: Science, 46 (4), 1135-1147.
Vakili Ghartavol, M., Arouiee, H. (2022). Optimal methods for the preparation of fungal mycelium for examination with the scanning electron microscope. , 11 (2), 42-51.
Taghizadeh, S., Gholamreza Karimi, Manolis Tzatzarakis, Ioannis Tsakiris, Ahmadpourmir, H., Azizi, M., Asma Afshari, Vahideh Ghoran, Fatemeh Yarmohammadi, Aristidis Tsatsakis, & Ramin Rezaee (2022). Probabilistic risk assessment of exposure to multiple metals and pesticides through consumption of fruit juice samples collected from Iranian market. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 170 (), 113493-113504.
Sadeghi Fard, S., Mirmostafaee, S., Joharchi, M., Zandavifard, J., Azizi, M., & Yoshiharu Fujii (2022). Evaluation of Allelopathic Activity Interactions of Some Medicinal Plants Using Fractional Inhibitory Concentration and Isobologram. Agronomy, 12 (12), 3001-3018.
Hosseini Sanavi, E., Abedi, B. (2022). بررسی برهمکنش پایه و رقم سیب بر صفات کمی و کیفی میوه در شرایط آب و هوایی مشهد. , (), -.
Moghaddam, M., Saeideh Alizadeh Salteh, & Bahram Sanati Monfared (2022). Effect of 5-Aminolevulinic Acid on Phytochemical and Biochemical Traits of Fagopyrum esculentum Under Salinity Stress. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 22 (3), 3254-3267.
Bandiansofla, L., Moghaddam, M., Bahreini, M., & Vatankhah, E. (2022). Antibacterial characteristics and mechanisms of some herbal extracts and ϵ-polylysine against two spoilage bacterial. Food Bioscience, 50 (), 102060-102069.
Momeni, M., Abedi, B. (2022). کاربرد قبل و پس از برداشت نیتریک اکسید و ۱-متیل سیکلوپروپان (1-MCP) بر حفظ کیفیت و افزایش عمر انبارمانی پسته تازه رقم فندقی. , 6 (11), 85-101.
Mushfiq, D., & Abedi, B. (2022). Investigation of the effects of calcium chloride and ultraviolet (UV-C) on storage life of Afghanistan\\\'s fig (Ficus carica L. cv Safed Kohi). International Journal of Academic Research and Development, 7 (1), 19-23.

Recent research projects

Moghaddam, Mohammad,, ,mehdizadeh, Leila,farsaraei, Sara (2022). Response of Ocimum basilicum cv Keshkeni luvelu medicinal plant to two mycorrhizal fungi species under cadmium levels
Tehranifar, Ali,khosravi, Saeed,cheheltanan, Leyla (2022). The effect of foliar spraying with melatonin spray on reducing salt stress in hybrid petunia
Mousavi Bazaz, Azadeh,selahvarzi, Yahya,ansari, Sana (2022). The Effect of Biochar and Humic Acid on Growth and Nutrient Content of Blue Fescue (Festuca glauca)

Contact Information

Iran, Mashhad, Azadi Square, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture

Phone: +985138804641- 5754

Fax: +985138807148