Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture

Horticulture is a complex of technique and art in the fields of Botany, Plant Physiology, Soil Science, Plant Nutrition, Genetics Plant Breeding, Pest, Diseases, Fruit Production (Pomology), Vegetable Production (Olericulture), Floriculture, Medicinal Plants and Landscape Design. Undergraduate branches are divided into 2 branches namely, Horticulture Architecture and Landscape Architecture. The aim of this stage is to provide knowledgeable experts in production, local planning and research. It is expected that the graduates be able to work as academic staff in agricultural organizations, as directors for governmental organizations and as experts able to conduct personal and organizational research in this field.

Based on their own interests, Horticulture and Landscape Management Department aims to train and educate students who are able to enhance the quality and quantity of horticultural products. It is expected that the graduates become able to solve existing problems in this field. On the other hand, academic and experienced experts in the Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture are prepared to answer the educational requirements of Horticulture and other related topics at undergraduate and postgraduate levels in the School of Agriculture.

The aim of the undergraduate program in Horticulture and Landscape Architecture at the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, which was established in 1995, is to train individuals who can serve the society as specialists in different programs of study such as regional planning, and academic fields, or as Lecturers at agricultural education and research institutes, or as administrators and directors at governmental and private manufacturing companies.

The Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture first began to admit students into the MSc program in 2003 with the aim of training specialists who could effectively exploit the potentials and improve the quality and quantity of gardening products. Graduates would also be able to teach Horticulture and related courses to undergraduate students in various schools of Agriculture across the country.

Educational areas of specializations in the M.S. program are:

  • Amely Ornamental Plants
  • Fruit Gardening
  • Vegetable Gardening
  • Medicinal plants

The aim of our doctoral program which was started in 2010 is to train graduates who can manage educational, planning and research affairs in the different branches of this major or teach at universities and research institutes or perform planning tasks at executive organizations.

Educational areas of specializations in the Ph.D. program are:

  • Fruit Tree Physiology and Breeding
  • Vegetable Physiology and Breeding
  • Ornamental Plant Physiology and Breeding. More

Head of the Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture 
Mahmoud Shoor
Associate Professor
Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture

Concentration areas offered by the Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture
Areas Bachelor's Master's Ph.D
Landscape Architecture correct_mark -
Amely Ornamental Plants -
correct_mark -
Fruit Gardening
correct_mark -
Vegetable Gardening
correct_mark -
Medicinal plant
correct_mark -
Fruit Tree Physiology and Breeding
Vegetable Physiology and Breeding
Ornamental Plant Physiology and Breeding -

Academic staff

Bhram Abedi
Assistant Professor
Hossein Arouiee
Associate Professor
Majid Azizi
Fatemeh Kazemi
Associate Professor
Mohammad Moghaddam
Associate Professor
Seyyed Hossein Nemati
Assistant Professor
Yahya Selahvarzi
Assistant Professor
Mahmoud Shoor
Associate Professor
Ali Tehranifar


Recent books

Recent journal articles

Jozay, M., Rabbani Kheir Khah, S., & Kazemi, F. (2021). The impact of humic acid solutions and types of growing media on some morphophysiological and biochemical features of Syngonium sp. and Pothos sp. plants in interior green wall conditions. Plant Archives, 21 (1), 2240-2252.
Allahyar, M., & Kazemi, F. (2021). Landscape preferences of a children’s hospital by children and therapists. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 58 (0), 126984-126998.
Azizi, M. (2021). Growth, leaf gas exchange and physiological parameters of two Glycyrrhiza glabra L. populations subjected to salt stress condition. Rhizosphere, 17 (), 100319-100325.
Azizi, M. (2021). Pesticides, metals, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in date fruits: A probabilistic assessment of risk to health of Iranian consumers. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 98 (), 103815-103815.
Sharghi, H., Azizi, M., Moazzeni, H., & Joharchi, M. (2021). Notes on the taxonomy of some perennial species of Trigonella sect. Ellipticae (Fabaceae) in Iran. Nordic Journal of Botany, 39 (2), -.
Farzane, A., Nemati, S., Shoor, M., & Ansari, H. (2021). Foliar application of potassium on antioxidant enzyme activities of tomato plants under drought stress. Advances in Horticultural Science, 35 (1), 3-9.
Azizi, M. (2021). Therapeutic peptides of Mucuna pruriens L.: Anti‐genotoxic molecules against human hepatocellular carcinoma and hepatitis C virus. Food Science and Nutrition, 9 (6), 2908-2914.
Kaboli Farshchi, H., Azizi, M. (2021). Synthesis and characterization of nanoliposome containing Fe2+ element: A superior nano-fertilizer for ferrous iron delivery to sweet basil. Scientia Horticulturae, 283 (), 110110-110120.
Alipour, S., Tehranifar, A., Shoor, M., Samiei, L., & Homayon Farahmand (2021). Life Cycle and Phenological Growth Stages inEndangered Fritillaria raddeana Regel Using BBCH Scalein Its Natural Habitat, Northern Khorasan Province, Iran. Journal of Rangeland Science, 11 (1), 101-118.
Saba Samadi, Mohammad Jamal Saharkhiz, Azizi, M., Samiei, L., Akbar Karami, & Mansour Ghorbanpour (2021). Single-wall carbon nano tubes (SWCNTs) penetrate Thymus daenensis Celak. plant cells and increase secondary metabolite accumulation in vitro. Industrial Crops and Products, 165 (), 113424-113434.
Taghizadeh, S., Azizi, M., Ramin Rezaee, John P. Giesy, & Gholamreza Karimi (2021). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, pesticides, and metals in olive: analysis and probabilistic risk assessment. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 28 (29), 39723-39741.
Moshrefi Araghi, A., Nemati, S., Azizi, M., Moshtaghi, N., & Shoor, M. (2021). Association of Genetic Structure and Diversity in Iranian Wild Germplasms of Mentha longifolia L. Based on Phenotypical, Biochemical, and Molecular Markers. Chemistry and Biodiversity, 18 (4), -.
Babaii, K., Moghaddam, M., Nasrin Farhadi, & Abdollah Ghasemi Pirbalouti (2021). Morphological, physiological and phytochemical responses of Mexican marigold (Tagetes minuta L.) to drought stress. Scientia Horticulturae, 284 (2021), 110116-110125.
Hajian, H., Baghaee Ravari, S., & Moghaddam, M. (2021). Herbal essential oils exert a preservative effect against the potato soft rot disease. Scientia Horticulturae, 285 (2021), 110192-110202.
Samiei, L., Tehranifar, A., Davoudi Pahnekolayi, M., & Karimian, Z. (2021). Organic and inorganic elicitors enhance in vitro regeneration of Rosa canina. Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, 19 (1), -.
Ameri, R., & Azizi, M. (2021). Density-dependence Influences the Agronomical Indices and Chemical Profile of Artemisia scoparia Waldst. et Kit. Journal of Essential Oils Bearing Plants, 24 (2), 374-385.
Maryam Lashkary, Moghaddam, M., Ahmad Asgharzade, & Maryam Tatari (2021). Titanium dioxide nanoparticle is involved in mitigating NaCl-induced Calendula officinalis L. by activation of antioxidant defense system and accumulation of osmolytes. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 166 (2021), 31-40.
Taghizadeh, S., Azizi, M. (2021). Cytotoxic activity of cis-(E)- and trans-(Z)-spiroethers isolated from various Arnebia species. South African Jouranl of Botany, 142 (142), 114-123.
Akram Valyaie, Azizi, M., Abdolkarim Kashi, Ramaraj Sathasivam, Sang Un Park, Akifumi Sugiyama, Takashi Motobayashi, & Yoshiharu Fujii (2021). Evaluation of Growth, Yield, and Biochemical Attributes of Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia L.) Cultivars under Karaj Conditions in Iran. Plants, 10 (7), 1370-1379.
Nazary Moghaddam Aghayeh, R., Abedi, B., Ahmad Balandari, Samiei, L., & Tehranifar, A. (2021). The First Successful Report: Control of Browning Problem in in vitro Culture of Iranian Seedless Barberry, a Medicinally Important Species. Erwerbs-Obstbau, 1 (1), 1-1.
Mohammadi, S., Azizi, M., Vaezi, J., & Taghizadeh, S. (2021). Gynodioecy in two Iranian endemic thymes: the comparative study on their volatile compounds, cytological and morphological traits. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 43 (9), -.
Allahyar, M., & Kazemi, F. (2021). Effect of Landscape Design Elements on Promoting Neuropsychological Health of Children. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 65 (0), 1-11.
Ameri, A., Davarynejad, G., Moshtaghi, N., & Tehranifar, A. (2021). Achieving highly efficient rooting procedure in three Pyrus communis cultivars by response surface methodology. In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology - Plant, 57 (3), 398-408.
Ghazaeian, M., Davarynejad, G., Kamal Ghasemi Bezdi2, & Nemati, S. (2021). Embryo Culture of New Hybrid of Pecan (Carya Illinoensis) with Walnut (J. Regia and J. Nigra). Erwerbs-Obstbau, 63 (2), 185-192.
Shakeri, G., Selahvarzi, Y., Jamshidi, A. (2021). POMOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF SOME IRANIAN PLUM (PRUNUS DOMESTICA) CULTIVARS. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 87 (24), -.
Rashidi, A., Tehranifar, A., & Samiei, L. (2021). Improving energy efficiency, germination indices and root system development in Cape periwinkle and marigold through spectral distribution and light exposure time. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 189 (), 104531-104542.
Farsaraei, S., Mehdizadeh, L., & Moghaddam, M. (2021). Seed Priming with Putrescine Alleviated Salinity Stress During Germination and Seedling Growth of Medicinal Pumpkin. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 21 (3), 1782-1792.
Tarakemeh, A., Moghaddam, M., & Mohammad Mahmoodi Sourestani (2021). Phytochemical Variation within Aerial Parts of Ferula cupularis Populations, an Endangered Medicinal Plant from Iran. Chemistry and Biodiversity, 18 (12), -.
Moghaddam, M., Abdollah Ghasemi Pirbalouti, Khyrollah Babaei (2021). Chemical Compositions of Essential Oil from the Aerial Parts of Tagetes patula L. and Tagetes erecta L. Cultivated in Northeastern Iran. Journal of Essential Oils Bearing Plants, 24 (5), 990-997.
Azizi, F., Farsaraei, S., & Moghaddam, M. (2021). Application of Exogenous Ascorbic Acid Modifies Growth and Pigment Content of Calendula officinalis L. Flower Heads of Plants Exposed to NaCl Stress. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 21 (4), 2803-2814.
Amir Abbasi Khammar, Moghaddam, M., Ahmad Asgharzade, & Mohammad Mahmoodi Sourestani (2021). Nutritive Composition, Growth, Biochemical Traits, Essential Oil Content and Compositions of Salvia officinalis L. Grown in Different Nitrogen Levels in Soilless Culture. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 21 (4), 3320-3332.
Narimani, R., Moghaddam, M., Mohammad Mahmoodi Sourestani, & Samiei, L. (2021). A Comparative Study on Essential Oil Profile and Antioxidant Activity in Different Parts of Three Ferulago Species. Chemistry and Biodiversity, 19 (1), -.
Vahdatpour, F., Arouiee, H., Khodayar Hemmati, Kamkar, B., & Fatemeh Sheikh (2021). Leaf Area Index, Dry Matter Accumulation and Allocation Trends in Vicia faba L. Affected by Inoculation with Rhizobium and Pseudomonas. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 23 (4), 903-914.
Maryam Zarghami Moghadam, Shoor, M., Nemati, S., & Nezami, A. (2021). Evaluation of 13 Calendula (Calendula officinalis) Cultivars Response to Drought Stress. Journal of Ornamental plants, 11 (2), 109-121.
Karimpour, S., Davarynejad, G., Zaki Aghl, M., M.r. Safarnejad, Pedro Martinez-gomez, & M. Rubio (2021). Rapid assessment of sanitary and physiological state of thermotherapy-treated apple shoots by chlorophyll content evaluation. European Journal of Horticultural Science, 86 (2), 205-211.
Ghafourian Hozori Esfahan, E., & Azizi, M. (2021). اثر نور تکمیلی (طیف و طول دوره نوردهی) LED بر برخی صفات فیزیولوژیکی و میزان هایپریسین در گل راعی (Hypericum perforatum L). , (), -.
Selahvarzi, Y., & Kamali, M. (2021). اثر دور آبیاری و محلول‌پاشی تیتانیوم به دو فرم نانو و غیر نانو بر خصوصیات رشدی و عملکردی گل ‏محمدی ‏Rosa × damascena Mill.‎‏)‏. , 52 (3), 701-710.

Recent research projects

Kazemi, Fatemeh,jozay, Mansoureh,rabbani Kheir Khah, Seedeh Maliheh (2021). Investigation of the effect of horticultural factors on the growth and performance of some perennial flowers under green roof conditions

Contact Information

Iran, Mashhad, Azadi Square, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture

Phone: +985138804641- 5754

Fax: +985138807148