Department of Soil Science

The Department of Soil Science, established in 1994 at the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, offers Bachelor’s, Master’s and Ph.D. programs. The areas of study in this department are:

  • Identification of soil formation, classification and survey of agricultural soils
  • Identification of physical, chemical, and biological factors influencing plant growth
  • Management of soil fertility and plant nutrition
  • Identification of factors involved in soil erosion and soil conservation and management

The Department of Soil Science started its Masters’ program in 2000. The aim of this program is to train students to conduct research in the fields of soil system and the environment concerning the physical, chemical, and biological aspects of the soil system and identification and management of environmental pollutants in soil and water resources. Students admitted to this program can choose to complete their studies in one of the following majors (i.e., areas of specializations):

  • Soil Chemistry and Fertility and Plant Nutrition
  • Soil Biology and Biotechnology
  • Soil Physics and Conservation
  • Soil Resources and Land Evaluation

The aim of the Ph.D. program in the Department of Soil Science which was started in 2009 is to handle and conduct scientific research programs that fall within the study of soil science. The emphasis of such research is on soil survey, soil physics, soil chemistry, soil biology and biotechnology, soil fertility, soil and water conservation, and soil pollution. Prospective Ph.D. students can choose one of the following areas of specializations:

  • Management Soil Fertility
  • Biotechnology or Management Soil Resources More

Head of the Department of Soil Science
Hojat Emami
Associate Professor
Department of Soil Science

Concentration areas offered by the Department of Soil Science
Areas Bachelor's Master's Ph.D
Soil Science and engineering correct_mark
Soil biology and biotechnology -
correct_mark -
Soil resources and land evaluation -
correct_mark -
Soil chemistry and fertility and plant nutrition -
correct_mark -
Soil physics and conservation -
Management soil fertility and biotechnology -
Management soil resources -

Academic staff

Ali Reza Astaraei
Associate Professor
Hojat Emami
Amir Fotovat
Akram Halajnia
Assistant Professor
Alireza Karimi
Reza Khorassani
Associate Professor
Amir Lakzian


Recent journal articles

Abdulmannan Rouhani, Hamidreza Azimzadeh, Ahad Sotoudeh, Judith Thomalsky, & Emami, H. (2022). Geochemical analysis of multi-element in archaeological soils from Tappe Rivi in Northeast Iran. Acta Geochimica, 41 (1), 132-146.
Rashidi, Z., Karimi, A., Andrewmurray, Farhad Khormali, Mohammad Hady Farpoor, & Reza Sohbati (2022). Late Pleistocene–Holocene pedogenesis and palaeoclimate in western Asia from palaeosols of the Central Iranian Plateau. Boreas, 51 (1), 201-218.
Farahani, E., Emami, H., & Majid Forouhar (2022). Effects of tillage systems on soil organic carbon and some soil physical properties. Land Degradation and Development, 33 (8), 1307-1320.
Farahani, E., Emami, H., & Peyman Keshavarz (2022). Impacts of soil organic carbon and tillage systems on structural stability as quantified by the high energy moisture characteristic (HEMC) method. International Agrophysics, 1 (36), 13-26.
Daliran, T., Halajnia, A., & Lakzian, A. (2022). Thiobacillus Bacteria-Enhanced Iron Biofortification of Soybean in a Calcareous Soil Enriched with Ferrous Sulfate, Mill Scale, and Pyrite. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 22 (2), 2221-2234.
Maleki Bilandy, S., Mojtaba Zeraatpisheh, Karimi, A., Gholamhossein Sareban, & Lin Wang (2022). Assessing Variation of Soil Quality in Agroecosystem in an Arid Environment Using Digital Soil Mapping. Agronomy, 12 (3), 578-578.
Narges Kariminejad, Hamid Reza Pourghasemi, Maleki Bilandy, S., & Mohsen Hosseinalizadeh (2022). Digital soil mapping and modeling in Loess‐derived soils of Iranian Loess Plateau. Geocarto International, 37 (26), 11633-11651.
Nargeskariminejad, Mohsenshariati, Mohsenhosseinalizadeh, Hamid Rezapourghasemi, & Maleki Bilandy, S. (2022). Investigating geometrical characteristics of collapsed pipes and the changing role of driving factors. Journal of Environmental Management, 312 (1), 114910-114918.
Akbari, S., Karimi, A., Lakzian, A., & Fotovat, A. (2022). Pedogenesis and Distribution of Ni and Cr in an Ultramafic Soil Toposequence under Arid Climate. Eurasian Soil Science, 55 (4), 520-532.
Samaei, F., Emami, H., & Lakzian, A. (2022). Assessing soil quality of pasture and agriculture land uses in Shandiz county, northwestern Iran. Ecological Indicators, 139 (6), 108974-108984.
Keshiknevisrazavi, S., Fotovat, A., Khorassani, R., & Lakzian, A. (2022). Effects of methanol-activated biochar on tetracycline concentration and soil microbial activities in the presence of copper. International journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 19 (11), 11103-11116.
Ashrafi, F., Heiari, A., Farzam, M., Karimi, A., & Malihe Amini (2022). The interactions of Cr (VI) concentrations and amendments (biochar and manure) on growth and metal accumulation of two species of Salicornia in contaminated soil. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 30 (1), 201-218.
Hosseini, S., Lakzian, A., & Bahar S. Razavi (2022). Reduction in root active zones under drought stress controls spatial distribution and catalytic efficiency of enzyme activities in rhizosphere of wheat. Rhizosphere, 23 (), 100561-100584.
Taheri, M., Astaraei, A., Lakzian, A., & Emami, H. (2022). Sorbitol and biochar have key roles in microbial and enzymatic activity of saline-sodic and calcareous soil in millet cropping.. Rhizosphere, 24 (), 100598-100606.
Mir Ahmad Mousavi Shalmani, Lakzian, A., Khorassani, R., Mohammad Zaman, Vali Feizias, Azam Borzouei, Maryam Khodashenas Rudsari, & Behnam Naserian Khiabani (2022). Nitrification inhibitor application at stem elongation stage increases soil nitrogen availability and wheat nitrogen use efficiency under drought stress. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 69 (11), 2020-2037.
Bazoobandi, A., Fotovat, A., Halajnia, A., & A. Philippe (2022). Effect of Coating Agents of Silver Nanoparticles on Their Accumulation in and Growth of Radish (Raphanus sativus ). Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 24 (6), 1473-1485.
Shahabi, M., Halajnia, A., Lakzian, A., & Housaindokht, M. (2022). Sugar beet molasses bioconversion into biosurfactant: optimization and comparison with other carbon sources. Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery, (), -.
Bazoobandi, A., Fotovat, A., Halajnia, A., & A. Philippe (2022). Does the Nano Character and Type of Nano Silver Coating Affect Its Influence on Calcareous Soil Enzymes Activity?. Coatings, 12 (12), 1968-13.
Nabizadeh, M., Astaraei, A., & Lakzian, A. (2022). تثیر اسید سالیسیلیک و باکتری سودوموناس پوتیدا بر ویژگی‌های آنزیمی گیاه کینوا در خاک شور آلوده به آرسنیک. , 12 (2), 65-78.
Mahmodian, F., Karimi, A., Karimi, A. (2022). Soil evolution along an alluvial-loess transect in the Herat Plain, western Afghanistan. Journal of Arid Land, 14 (11), 1317-1330.
Isa Esfandiarpour-boroujeni, Farzaneh Bandehelahi, Zohreh Mosleh, Karimi, A., Mohammad Hady Farpoor, & Morteza Fattahi (2022). Evaluating the Effects of Sedimentary Cycles (Aeolian and Fluvial) on Chemical Weathering Indices in Rafsanjan Region, Southeast of Iran. Desert, 27 (1), 115-139.

Contact Information

Iran, Mashhad, Azadi Square, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science

Phone: +985138804693-5846

Fax: +985138807147