Department of Soil Science

The Department of Soil Science, established in 1994 at the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, offers Bachelor’s, Master’s and Ph.D. programs. The areas of study in this department are:

  • Identification of soil formation, classification and survey of agricultural soils
  • Identification of physical, chemical, and biological factors influencing plant growth
  • Management of soil fertility and plant nutrition
  • Identification of factors involved in soil erosion and soil conservation and management

The Department of Soil Science started its Masters’ program in 2000. The aim of this program is to train students to conduct research in the fields of soil system and the environment concerning the physical, chemical, and biological aspects of the soil system and identification and management of environmental pollutants in soil and water resources. Students admitted to this program can choose to complete their studies in one of the following majors (i.e., areas of specializations):

  • Soil Chemistry and Fertility and Plant Nutrition
  • Soil Biology and Biotechnology
  • Soil Physics and Conservation
  • Soil Resources and Land Evaluation

The aim of the Ph.D. program in the Department of Soil Science which was started in 2009 is to handle and conduct scientific research programs that fall within the study of soil science. The emphasis of such research is on soil survey, soil physics, soil chemistry, soil biology and biotechnology, soil fertility, soil and water conservation, and soil pollution. Prospective Ph.D. students can choose one of the following areas of specializations:

  • Management Soil Fertility
  • Biotechnology or Management Soil Resources More

Head of the Department of Soil Science
Hojat Emami
Associate Professor
Department of Soil Science

Concentration areas offered by the Department of Soil Science
Areas Bachelor's Master's Ph.D
Soil Science and engineering correct_mark
Soil biology and biotechnology -
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Soil resources and land evaluation -
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Soil chemistry and fertility and plant nutrition -
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Soil physics and conservation -
Management soil fertility and biotechnology -
Management soil resources -

Academic staff

Ali Reza Astaraei
Associate Professor
Hojat Emami
Associate Professor
Amir Fotovat
Akram Halajnia
Assistant Professor
Alireza Karimi
Associate Professor
Reza Khorassani
Associate Professor
Amir Lakzian


Recent journal articles

M. Nakhaei Moghaddam, A. Haddad Sabzevar, M.r. Zolfaghari, & Lakzian, A. (2018). Phenotypic and molecular characterization of Sinorhizobium meliloti strains isolated from the roots of Medicago sativa in Iran. , 6 (24), 29-39.
Omid Bayat, Hamidreza Karimzadeh, Mostafa Karimian Eghbal, Karimi, A., & Ronald Amundson (2018). Calcic soils as indicators of profound Quaternary climate change in eastern Isfahan, Iran. Geoderma, 315 (2), 220-230.
Farahani, E., Emami, H., & Thomas Keller (2018). Impact of monovalent cations on soil structure. Part II. Results of two Swiss soils. International Agrophysics, 32 (0), 69-80.
Farahani, E., Emami, H., Thomas Keller, Fotovat, A., & Khorassani, R. (2018). Impact of monovalent cations on soil structure. Part I. Results of an Iranian soil. International Agrophysics, 32 (1), 57-67.
Ghasemzadeh Ganjehie, M., Karimi, A., A. Zeinadini, & Khorassani, R. (2018). Relationship of Soil Properties with Yield and Morphological Parameters of Pistachio in Geomorphic Surfaces of Bajestan Playa, Northeastern Iran. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 20 (2), 417-432.
Ziyaee, A., Karimi, A., , , Lakzian, A., , & (2018). Spatial and temporal variations of airborne dust fallout in Khorasan Razavi Province, Northeastern Iran. Geoderma, 326 (0), 42-55.
Gholoubi, A., Emami, H., & Alizadeh, A. (2018). Soil Quality Change 50 years after Forestland Conversion to Tea Farming. Soil Research, 56 (5), 509-517.
Roshani Zarmehri, M., Fotovat, A., Emami, H., M. Kehl, D. R. Hirmas, M. Hosseinalizadeh, & Ramezanian, N. (2018). Combined effects of polyacrylamide and nanomagnetite amendment on soil and water quality, Khorasan Razavi, Iran. Journal of Environmental Management, 223 (1), 703-712.
M. Dashti, Kafi, M., Astaraei, A., & H. R. Zabihi (2018). Investigation of yield and yield components response of Salvia leriifolia Benth. to biological and organic fertilizers. Zeitschrift fur Arznei-und Gewurzpflanzen, 22 (2), 84-90.
M. Rahmati, J. Vanderborght, Y. A. Pachepsky, L. Mao, S. H. Sadeghi, N. Moosavi, H. Kheirfam, C. Montzka, K. Van Looy, B. Toth, Z. Hazbavi, W. Al Yamani, A. A. Albalasmeh, R. Angulo-jaramillo, A. C. Dantas Antonino, G. Arampatzis, H. Asadi, Y. Bamutaze, J. Batlle-aguilar, F. Becker, K. Bohne, I. Braud, C. Castellano, M. Chalhoub, R. Cichota, B. Clothier, Y. Coquet, W. Cornelis, C. Corradini, A. Paiva Coutinho, M. Bastista De Oliveira, J. Ronaldo De Macedo, Emami, H., I. Eskandari, A. Farajnia, A. Flammini, N. Fodor, M. Gharaibeh, M. H. Ghavimipanah, T. A. Ghezzehei, S. Giertz, C. Saltalippi, M. Seeger, N. Sepehrnia, E. Sharifi Moghaddam, M. Shukla, Sh. Shutaro, H. Suganuma, T. Saito, J. Poesen, M. Pulido, S. Reinsch, M. Rezaei, F. Parry Roberts, D. Robinson, J. Rodrigo-comino, R. Sorando, A.i Asishana Stanley, S. Werner, Th. Winarski, D. Yilmaz, M. H. Young, S. Zacharias, Y. Zeng, Y. Zhao, H. Zhao, J. Votrubova, I. Vogeler, P. Strauss, Zh. Su, R. Taghizadeh-mehrjardi, E. Taguas, W. Geraldes Teixeira, A. R. Vaezi, M. Vafakhah, T. Vogel, H. Vereecken, T. Picciafuoco, Mark A. Liebig, Deepesh Machiwal, Dirk Mallants, M. Stolben Mallmann, J. D. De Oliveira Marques, M. R. Marshall, Xiaoyan Li, Laurent Lassabatere, R. Horn, D. Jacques, Saskia Deborah Keesstra, Hamid Kelishadi, Mahboobeh Kiani-harchegani, Mehdi Kouselou, Madan Kumar Jha, Jan Mertens, F. Meunier, K. Nabiollahi, M. R. Neyshabouri, M. Vasconcelos Ottoni, Th. Benedicto Ottoni Filho, M. R. Pahlavan-rad, A. Panagopoulos, S. Peth, Pierre-emmanuel Peyneau, H. Mozaffari, S.b. Mousavi, M. H. Mohammadi, B. P. Mohanty, M. Pulido-moncada, S. Montenegro, R. Morbidelli, A. A. Moosavi, M. R. Mosaddeghi, & E. G. Hatzigiannakis (2018). Development and analysis of the Soil Water Infiltration Global database. Earth System Science Data, 10 (3), 1237-1263.
Kaboli Farshchi, H., Azizi, M., Nemati, S., & Fotovat, A. (2018). Green synthesis of iron nanoparticles by Rosemary extract and cytotoxicity effect evaluation on cancer cell lines. Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology, 16 (1), 54-62.
Amiri Khaboushan, E., Emami, H., M. R. Mosadeghi, & Astaraei, A. (2018). Estimation of unsaturated shear strength parameters using easily-available soil properties. Soil and Tillage Research, 184 (12), 118-127.
S. Maleki, F. Khormali, & Karimi, A. (2018). Estimation of Soil Organic Carbon in a Small-Scale Loessial Hillslope Using Terrain Derivatives of Northern Iran. Ecopersia, 6 (1), 41-54.
Karimi, A., Isa Esfandiarpour Borujeni, & Mohamad Ghasemzadeh Ganjehie (2018). Description of Soil Evolution in Southern Mashhad City Using Jenny's and Johnson and Watson-Stegner's Conceptual Models. Pedosphere, 28 (4), 656-665.
Atarodi, B., Fotovat, A., Khorassani, R., Payman Keshavarz, & Hossein Hammami (2018). Interaction of selenium and cadmium in wheat at different salinities.. Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry, 100 (3), 348-360.
Gholoubi, A., Emami, H., Scott B. Jones, & Markus Tuller (2018). A Novel Shortwave Infrared Proximal Sensing Approach to Quantify the Water Stability of Soil Aggregates. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 82 (6), 1358-1366.
Emami, H., & Haghnia, G. (2018). Effects of gully erosion on soil quality indices in northwestern Iran. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 20 (6), 1317-1329.
Atarodi, B., Fotovat, A., Khorassani, R., Payman Keshavarz, & B. Hawrylak-nowak (2018). Selenium improves physiological responses and nutrient absorption in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grown under salinity. Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry, 100 (4), 440-451.
Tahmasebi, P., Mahmudy Gharaie, M., Ghassemzadeh, Z., & Karimi, A. (2018). Assessment of groundwater suitability for irrigation in a gold mine surrounding area, NE Iran. Environmental Earth Sciences, 77 (766), 1-12.
Fani, S., Fotovat, A., Lakzian, A., & Haddad-mashadrizeh, A. (2018). Identification of Bacterial Isolates of Pseudomonas fluorescens siderophore from Rhizosphere of Corn Fields and Evaluation of Iron Absorption by Corn. Journal of Chemical Health Risks, 8 (3), 199-207.
Dehghanian, H., Halajnia, A., Lakzian, A., & Astaraei, A. (2018). The effect of earthworm and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on availability and chemical distribution of Zn, Fe and Mn in a calcareous soil. Applied Soil Ecology, 130 (9), 98-103.

Contact Information

Iran, Mashhad, Azadi Square, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science

Phone: +985138804693-5846

Fax: +985138807147