Department of Water Science and Engineering

The Department of Water Science and Engineering was established in 1988. Programs of undergraduate studies offer a series of basic and applied courses in the area of Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics, Hydrology, Soil-Water-Plant Relationship, Agricultural Meteorology, Irrigation and Drainage Systems Design, Soil and Water Conservation, Geology, Ground Waters, Hydro-Informatics, Water Supply and Wastewater Systems, and River Hydraulics. In addition, this program also offers a broad general engineering education including elements of Geo-Mechanical, Water Conveyance Structures and Pumping Systems Engineering.

The Water Science and Engineering Master's degree program in which students have been admitted since 1996, provides an in-depth study of the skills and tools demanded by the rigors of the water profession. The two-year program helps students build their technical competencies in different areas such as Irrigation and Drainage, Agricultural Meteorology, Water Resources, and Water Structures Engineering. They will be ready to be employed by consulting engineering companies in government or regulatory agencies looking to augment their skills in the water profession.

Currently Master’s students are accepted in academic areas of specializations such as Irrigation and Drainage, Agricultural Meteorology, Water Resources, and Water Structures Engineering.

Ph.D. candidates started their studies in the Department of Water Science and Engineering at the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad in 2007. They should conduct research at levels that contribute new knowledge to the field of water science and engineering; considering the fact that the purpose of doctoral research is in constant evolution.

The doctoral programs in the Department of Water Science and Engineering aim to prepare researchers for employment in universities as well as scientific private sectors and government institutions. Doctoral candidates are admitted to programs only if they can convincingly demonstrate that their research proposals will significantly contribute to the existing knowledge in the field they have applied for. The doctoral degree qualifies them to apply for a university professorship position or conduct research in an academic setting. At the Ph.D. level, doctoral research gives students the needed skills to excel in academia, develop hypotheses, test those theories by studying, observing or conducting experiments, and modify those assumptions based on the data collected. Upon completion of the research, doctoral candidates present their conclusions to experts in the field and orally defend their findings before a panel of scholars. Currently, Ph.D. candidates are accepted in Irrigation and Drainage, Agricultural Meteorology, and Water Structures engineering branches of the department. More

Head of the Department of Water Science and Engineering
Kazem Esmaili
Associate Professor
Department of Water Science and Engineering

Concentration areas offered by the Department of Water Science and Engineering
Areas Bachelor's Master's Ph.D
Water Science and Engineering correct_mark -
Irrigation And Drainage -
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Water Structures -
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Water Resource Engineering -
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Agricultural Meteorology -
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Academic staff

Hossein Ansari
Hossein Banejad
Associate Professor
Kamran Davary
Kazem Esmaili
Associate Professor
Alireza Faridhosseini
Associate Professor
Seyed Majid Hasheminia
Assistant Professor
Saeed Reza Khodashenas
Fereshteh Modaresi
Assistant Professor
Abolfazl Mosaedi
Mohammad Mousavi  Baygi
Seyed Hossein Sanaei Nejad
Ali Naghi Ziaei
Associate Professor


Recent journal articles

Mehdizadeh Karizaki, M., Alizadeh, A., Ansari, H., & H. Meemarian (2020). Three-Dimensional Evaluation of the Intensity of Land Use Changes (Case study: Kardeh Watershed, Iran). Journal of Advanced Pharmacy Education and Research, 10 (2), 157-170.
Dolatkhahi, A., Shoor, M., Bannayan Aval, M., Tehranifar, A., & Alizadeh, A. (2020). Water Deficit Decreases Gas Exchange Parameters and Marketable Quality of Rosa hybrida ‘Club-Nika’ Irrespective of Training Systems. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 22 (3), 837-849.
Modaresirad, A., Ghahraman, B., Mosaedi, A. (2020). A Universal Model of Unsaturated Hydraulic Conductivity With Complementary Adsorptive and Diffusive Process Components. Water Resources Research, 56 (2), -.
Mianabadi, A., Derakhshan, H., Davary, K., Hasheminia, S., & Markus Hrachowitz (2020). A Novel Idea for Groundwater Resource Management during Megadrought Events. Water Resources Management, (), -.
Beheshti, A. (2020). Discussion of “Estimation of Clear-Water Local Scour at Pile Groups Using Genetic Expression Programming and Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines” by S. M. Bateni, H. R. Vosoughifar, B. Truce, and D. S. Jeng. Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering, 146 (4), 07020001-07020003.
Khalifeh, S., Esmaili, K., Khodashenas, S. (2020). Data on optimization of the non-linear Muskingum flood routing in Kardeh River using Goa algorithm. Data in Brief, 30 (), 105398-105405.
Naghedifar, S., Ziaei, A., & Ansari, H. (2020). Numerical analysis and optimization of triggered furrow irrigation system. Irrigation Science, 38 (3), 287-306.
Mianabadi, A., Davary, K., Mohsen Pourreza-bilondi, & A.m.j. Coenders-gerrits (2020). Budyko framework; towards non-steady state conditions. Journal of Hydrology, (), -.
Araghi, S., & Mousavi Baygi, M. (2020). Variability in snowfall/total precipitation-day ratio in Iran. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 140 (), 547-558.
Ghandhari, A., Davary, K., Vatanparast, M., & Pourmohamad, Y. (2020). Assessment of Urban Water Supply Options by Using Fuzzy Possibilistic Theory. Environmental Processes, 7 (3), 949-972.
Naghedifar, S., Ziaei, A., Naghedifar, S., & Ansari, H. (2020). A new model for simulation of collection and conveyance sections of Qanat. Journal of Hydrology, 590 (), 125218-125230.
Nasiri, S., Ansari, H., & Ziaei, A. (2020). Simulation of water balance equation components using SWAT model in Samalqan Watershed (Iran). Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 13 (11), -.
Maghdoori, A., Khodashenas, S., Pezeshki, A. (2020). Optimization of Tailraces by Ant Colony Algorithm. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 29 (7), 5384-5407.
Alireza Moghaddam, Alizadeh, A., Faridhosseini, A., Ziaei, A., Fallah Heravi, D., & Roya Peirovi Minaee (2020). Water distribution networks optimization using GA, SMPSO, and SHGAPSO algorithms based on engineering approach: a real case study. Desalination and Water Treatment, 193 (2020), 321-334.
Siabi, N., Sanaei Nejad, S., & Ghahraman, B. (2020). Comprehensive evaluation of a spatio-temporal gap filling algorithm: Using remotely sensed precipitation, LST and ET data. Journal of Environmental Management, 261 (), 110228-110237.
Azimi Ghalibaf, E., Davary, K., Khodashenas, S., Ansari, H., Mohammad Zaghian, & Sanaz Sagha Pirmard (2020). Modeling of the amount of sulfide production in sewage collectors in Mashhad. Journal of Advanced Pharmacy Education and Research, 10 (1), 82-89.
Azimi Ghalibaf, E., Davary, K., Khodashenas, S., Ansari, H., Mohammad Zaghian, & Sanaz Sagha Pirmard (2020). Modeling the qualitative indices of sewerage of Mashhad city with Oxidation reduction Potential. Journal of Advanced Pharmacy Education and Research, 10 (2), 150-156.
Farid Faridani, Narrei Bakhtiari, S., Faridhosseini, A., Micheal Gibson, Raziyeh Farmani, & Rosa Lasaponara (2020). Estimating Flood Characteristics Using Geomorphologic Flood Index with Regards to Rainfall Intensity-Duration-Frequency-Area Curves and CADDIES-2D Model in Three Iranian Basins. Sustainability, 12 (18), 7371-7387.
Jamei, M., Mousavi Baygi, M., Ebrahim Asadi Oskouei, & Ernesto Lopez-baeza (2020). Validation of the SMOS Level 1C Brightness Temperature and Level 2 Soil Moisture Data over the West and Southwest of Iran. Remote Sensing, 12 (17), 2819-2839.
Jahangir, A., Esmaili, K., & Faghfour Maghrebi, M. (2020). Experimental Investigation of Porosity, Installation angle, Thickness and Second Layer of Permeable Obstacles on Density Current. International Journal of Engineering, Transactions B: Applications, 33 (9), 1710-1720.
Shamsi Tavasani, E., Ziaei, A., Naghedifar, S., & Ansari, H. (2020). ارزیابی تغذیه آب زیرزمینی ناشی از اعمال سناریوهای مختلف آبیاری با استفاده از شبیه‌سازی عددی ناحیه غیر اشباع )مطالعه موردی: دشت نیشابور). , 51 (2), 312-323.
Kouzegaran, S., Mousavi Baygi, M., Iman Babaeiyan, & Abbas Khashei-siuki (2020). Future projection of the effects of climate change on saffron yield and spatial-temporal distribution of cultivation by incorporating the effect of extreme climate indices. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 141 (), 1109-1118.
Pourmohamad, Y., Ghandhari, A., Davary, K., & Shirazi, P. (2020). Multicriteria Decision-Making Approach to Enhance Automated Anchor Pixel Selection Algorithm for Arid and Semi-Arid Regions. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering - ASCE, 25 (11), 04020049-04020049-12.
Atashi, M., Ziaei, A., Khodashenas, S., & Raziyeh Farmani (2020). Impact of isolation valves location on resilience of water distribution systems. Urban Water Journal, 17 (6), 560-567.
Naghedifar, S., Ziaei, A., & Ansari, H. (2020). Numerical analysis of sensor-based flood-floor ebb-and-flow subirrigation system with saline water. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, (), -.
Dadmand, F., Naji Azimi, Z., Motahari Farimani, N., & Davary, K. (2020). Sustainable allocation of water resources in water-scarcity conditions using robust fuzzy stochastic programming. Journal of Cleaner Production, 276 (1), 123812-15.
Khalifeh, S., Esmaili, K., Khodashenas, S., & Vahid Khalifeh (2020). Estimation of nonlinear parameters of the type 5 Muskingum model using SOS algorithm. MethodsX, 7 (), 101040-1.
Ghafari, E., Jeffrey P. Walker, Narendra N. Das, Davary, K., Faridhosseini, A., Xiaoling Wu, & Liujun Zhu (2020). On the impact of C-band in place of L-band radar for SMAP downscaling. Remote Sensing of Environment, 251 (112), 112111-14.
Radmehr, R., Ghorbani, M., & Ziaei, A. (2020). Quantifying and managing the water-energy-food nexus in dry regions food insecurity: New methods and evidence. Agricultural Water Management, (), -.
Mianabadi, A., Davary, K., Hojjat Mianabadi, & Poolad Karimi (2020). International Environmental Conflict Management in Transboundary River Basins. Water Resources Management, 34 (11), 3445-3464.
Khorami, M., Ghahraman, B., & Davary, K. (2020). بررسی اثر تعداد قواعد فازی بر کارایی مدل‌ فازی در شبیه‌سازی حرکت آب در خاک. , 14 (3), 957-966.
Davary, K., & Gholizadeh Sarabi, S. (2020). تحلیل پیامدهای اقتصادی تداوم برداشت بی‌رویه از آب زیرزمینی بر بخش کشاورزی (مطالعه موردی: دشت نیشابور). , 7 (23), 21-30.
Sheikh Rezazadeh Nikou, N., Ziaei, A., Ansari, H., & J.m. Mcdonough (2020). Flow field Investigation in a Vortex Settling Basin using Acoustic Doppler Velocimetry and Large Eddy Simulation. Water and Environment Journal, (), -.
Shahsavari, H., Moradi, S., Parmude, A., & Esmaili, K. (2020). اثر بخشی بلوک‌های V شکل بر آبشستگی موضعی در پایین‌دست سرریز اوجی. , (), -.
Farzane, A., Nemati, S., Shoor, M., & Ansari, H. (2020). Antioxidant enzyme and plant productivity changes in field-grown tomato under drought stress conditions using exogenous putrescine. Journal of Plant Physiology and Breeding, 10 (1), 29-40.
Moradi, S., Shahsavari, H., & Esmaili, K. (2020). بررسی آبشستگی موضعی پی در سرریزهای کلیدپیانویی تیپA با تاج جانبی زیگزاگی. , 15 (4), 81-94.
Jamali, S., Ansari, H., & Safari Zadeh Sani, A. (2020). تاثیر سطوح مختلف آبیاری و آب مغناطیسی بر رشد و عملکرد گیاه دارویی نعنا فلفلی. , (), -.

Recent research projects

Ansari, Hossein,sharifan, Hossein,jamali, Saber (2020). Evaluating the effects of different irrigation Scenarios and unconventional water use on quinoa yield
Faridhosseini, Alireza,madani, Sayyed Hamid Reza,gharanjik, Aylin,madani, Fatemeh Sadat (2020). Numerical simulation the Effect of Pile Slope Change on a New Design of Bottom Intake in Clear Water and Sediment Flow
Davary, Kamran,pourmohamad, Yavar (2020). Using Remote Sensing to Estimate Actual Evapotranspiration for an Accurate Estimation of Water Balance Components at Watershed Scale
Salehi, Saeed,esmaili, Seyyed Alireza,esmaili, Kazem (2020). Investigation and designing fish way by using broad gabion weir
Davary, Kamran (2020). Designing and manufacturing a device for measuring the energy flux for accurately estimating evapotranspiration

Contact Information

Iran, Mashhad, Azadi Square, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

Faculty of Agriculture, Water Science and Engineering Department

Phone: +985138804611-5813

Fax: +985138807145